A classic sign of calicivirus
is ulcers in the mouth, including on the gums, hard palate, and tongue.
TABLE 1 EFFECTS OF PROPOLIS ON ANIMAL VIRUSES Species Viruses Evidence Poultry Avian Reovirus In vitro Infectious bursal disease virus In vitro Newcastle disease virus In vitro Bovines Rotavirus In vivo Porcines Swine herpesvirus 1 In vitro Dogs Canine adenovirus type 2 In vitro Cats Feline calicivirus
In vitro Species References Poultry Hegazi, 2001.
First evidence of feline herpesvirus, calicivirus
, parvovirus, and Ehrlichia exposure in Brazilian free-ranging felids.
Plaque assay can be used to target the multiplication cycle of the calicivirus
attachment of the viral protein to the cellular receptor, internalization of virion into the cell, replication of the virus, and release of the mature virion from the cell .
Pelo exame histologico da cavidade oral de animais infectados com o calicivirus
, foi possivel descobrir que este virus se replica preferencialmente nas celulas do epitelio tonsilar superficial e mucosa da regiao adjacente, provavelmente como consequencia da funcao imune das tonsilas no organismo, agindo como uma "barreira" contra possiveis agentes infecciosos (9, 18).
Otros virus como picobirnavirus (PBV) y calicivirus
(CV) han sido con frecuencia descritos en muestras de pacientes con VIH, que presentan o menos sintomas de diarrea.
The virus is highly transmissible; exposure to as few as 18 viral particles can cause illness, according to a presentation by Jan Vinje, Ph.D., head of the National Calicivirus
Four weeks after the second vaccination, on day 49, equivalent to postchallenge time 0(=pct0), all cats were challenged with a virulent heterologous strain of calicivirus
compile 12 articles by researchers in virology, microbiology, infectious diseases, immunology, and related fields in North America, Europe, New Zealand, and Australia who detail current research findings on caliciviruses and related diseases, including norovirus epidemiology, calicivirus
contamination of the environment, genome organization and recombination, proteolytic cleavage and viral proteins, viral protein structures, virus-host interactions, reverse genetics and replicon systems, feline calicivirus
, murine noroviruses, and lagoviruses.
In the 1950s Australian scientists released the disease Myxomatosis to bring numbers under control and in the mid-1990s followed up with the Calicivirus
that again cut rabbit numbers.
99 per cent of the rabbit population, and calicivirus
was thought to
One is "cat 'flu", which is an infectious disease typically caused by viruses, the two most common being the feline herpes virus and feline calicivirus
caused 337 (98%) of the confirmed FBDOs attributed to viruses; all calicivirus
outbreaks reported in 2006 were attributed to norovirus.
According to the report, in 2007, Germany and Latvia accounted for 72.2% of calicivirus
(including norovirus) outbreaks in Europe, while all rotavirus incidents were reported by Latvia.