Keeping in view the importance of ruminant in our country and economical losses due to calf diarrhea
this project was designed to study the correlation of serum electrolytes and trace elements along with associated risk factors in diarrheic buffalo and cattle calves.
Neonatal calf diarrhea
is a prime disease affecting newborn calves and considered as important factor responsible for mortality (Lanz, 2008), leading to economic losses due to the treatment cost, diagnostic, and reduced growth performance (Constable 2004).Calves are more prone to diarrhea during early days of age after birth.
Antimicrobial Use in the Treatment of Calf Diarrhea
. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine, 18(1): 8-17.
coli (antigen K99) isolated from a field case of neonatal calf diarrhea
was procured from National Institute of Agriculture and Biology (NIAB), Faisalabad, Pakistan.
The projects display was related to nutrient efficient wheat germplasam for rain fed areas, Direct Seeding technology in rice, biological management of root knot nematodes on vegetables, Control Atmosphere Technology for fresh produce, Skin Coating material for fruits and vegetables, phosphoric acid as an alternative to commercial phosphate fertilizers, Hot Water Treatment for post-harvest diseases, clonal propagation of Guava, Olive propagation, Sugarcane plant improvement and Novel approach to generate wide spectrum resistance to all cotton begomoviruses and Vaccine for buffalo and calf diarrhea
In Korea, most commercial dairy cow farm supplements contain a combination of broad-spectrum antibiotics, such as neomycin, amoxicillin and colistin sulfate or oxytetracycline in milk replacer to prevent calf diarrhea
. Due to rising public concern regarding the overuse of antibiotics in animal production, interest in the effects of direct-fed microbials (DFM) on animal health and performance has increased.
difficile may be associated with calf diarrhea
, and cattle may be reservoirs of C.
Concurrent infections of Giardia and Cryptosporidium on two Ohio farms with calf diarrhea
Some previously conducted studies indicated over all calfhood morbidity at the rates of 35% (WALTNER-TOEWS et al., 1986) with precise risks of neonatal calf diarrhea
(NCD) and bovine respiratory disease (BRD) of 29 and 39%, respectively (VAN DONKERSGOED et al., 1993; DONOVAN et al., 1998).
Although the administration of intravenous fluids and oral electrolyte solutions plays a central role in treatment, the efficacy of antimicrobial agents in treating calf diarrhea
As a result of disease signs and health problems observed during the survey, five main pathologies were described: actinosis (actinomycosis / actinobacillosis), bovine respiratory diseases (BRD), neonatal calf diarrhea
(NCD), copper deficiency and black leg, gas gangrene and enterotoxaemia (BGE).
The bovine group A rotavirus strain Nebraska calf diarrhea
virus (NCDV) grown in MA-104 (green monkey fetal kidney) cells was used as a positive control, and 0.1% diethyl-pyrocarbonate-(DEPC-) water was treated as negative control in every four samples tested for all RNA-based procedures in order to monitor carryover contamination.