The use of the holmium laser in urology has expanded to include treatment of calculi
, urothelial tumors, strictures, condyloma, ureteroceles, as well as other soft tissue applications, possessing both ablative and hemostatic properties.
Here we uniformly use untyped calculi
(also known as nephrolithiasis, more commonly referred to as kidney stones) are accumulations of crystals and salts that form into hard masses in the kidney.
But the focal point is this: The difference between concurrent and sequential computation can be concentrated in the single basic computation rule of the respective calculi
. By modifying the notion of reduction from the [unkeyable]-calculus, we attain a rule of interaction for concurrent processes, and this is the first stage in our synthesis between the purity of the functional model and the dynamics of real concurrent systems.
Methods: The clinical data of 46 patients with multiple renal calculi
treated in Affiliated Hospital of Hebei University from October 2015 to September 2016 were retrospectively analyzed.
Furthermore, it has become a treatment option for adults as well, and it is used as a treatment for calculi
of various sizes and locations.
Methods: A total of 86 patients with multiple renal calculi
were retrospectively analyzed.
Ultrasonography (US), a widely available and reliable imaging modality, has some disadvantages in the diagnosis of urinary caicuii due to certain factors such as obesity, intestinal gas superposition, small calculi
without posterior acoustic enhancement, and the echogenic fatty tissue of renal sinus (4, 5).
Intracorporeal laser lithotripsy for fragmentation of urinary calculi
began in the mid-1980s [8-13].
Due to the rarity of large recurrent symptomatic prostatic calculi
and the occurrence of urethral steinstrasse after laser lithotripsy, we chose to report this case, which occurred over the course of six months.
Table-II: Frequency and percentages of various calculi
depending upon the size and location in urinary tract and positivity rate of urine analysis in each category.
The size of salivary calculi
may vary from less than one millimeter to a few centimeters in the greatest diameter.
Methods: We performed a retrospective cohort study of patients with symptomatic urinary calculi
diagnosed by unenhanced helical CT.
Seventy five samples of renal and eighteen samples of supra gingival calculi
of lead recycling workers were collected over the period of seven years (2008-2014) and studied for the accumulation of lead.
Over the years, minimally invasive techniques for removing salivary gland calculi
have become popular.