It is now widely believed to be an active process that involves four key events: 1) the trans-differentiation of Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells (VSMCs) into osteoblast-like cells, 2) the release of matrix vesicles, 3) the loss of calcification
inhibitors, and 4) the degradation of the extracellular matrix .
Similar plaques in the abdominal aorta coexist with splenic artery calcifications
in up to 89.
Ultrasonography is a rapid, available, and inexpensive method to investigate the vascular system, due to its ability to both detect calcifications
and measure the vascular thickness, blood flow, and its characteristics.
The central part of lymph nodes may show additional calcifications
Some studies have linked the presence of the carotid artery calcifications
to systemic diseases such as obesity (body mass index and waist circumference), hypercholesterolaemia, hypertension, diabetes, renal stones, dental infections, prior atherosclerosis and with increasing age (4-12).
A chest radiograph before biopsy showed clustered calcifications
in the left deep lower axilla (Figure 1(f)).
2) Radiographic characteristics on CT most specific for Fahr's disease are symmetric calcifications
that appear "cloudy" and follow a "thin linear pattern" early in disease giving way to massive symmetric calcifications
as the disease progresses.
Five had anticentromere antibody-positive systemic sclerosis; other investigators have reported that dystrophic calcifications
occur in roughly 70% of such patients.
Metastatic pulmonary calcification
(MPC) may develop in patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism, related to end-stage renal disease (ESRD).
Both compounds may alleviate the development of soft tissue calcifications
in CKD patients (16,17).
showed that calcifications
may occur not only in MCL but also within the fibers of adductor magnus muscle, which join the ligament at its superior aspect (9).
A study was conducted to evaluate 98 patients with RA and the risk of coronary artery calcifications
in familial hypercholesterolemia: potential role of the low-density lipoprotein receptor gene.
Hypoparathyproidism is well known entity which can cause intracranial calcifications
but extensive intracranial calcification
A computed tomography scan showed extensive calcifications
throughout the brain (Fig.