2009) found that dietary Lactobacillus inclusion did not improve the absolute and relative weight of spleen, thymus as well as bursa of Fabricius
in broiler chickens (the control diet was an antibiotic-free diet).
Tissue samples which included trachea thymus lungs spleen liver kidneys cecal tonsil bursa of fabricius
and cloaca were aseptically collected for virus detection using RT-PCR technique and the swab samples were aseptically provided from trachea lungs liver and heart to bacteria identification using culture and isolation methods.
In this investigation, the choice of tissues analyzed by PCR was based on previous studies in which PiCV was detected in the spleen, liver, intestine, and primarily in the bursa of Fabricius
The maximum bursa of fabricius
weight was seen by the birds fed on diet "B" (ME=2800kcal/kg; CP=21%; lysine=1.
Thymus, spleen and bursa of fabricius
were weighed separately to calculate organ indices expressed as a percentage of body weight, in addition, the spleen was collected for the lymphocyte proliferation assay.
There was inflammation in the epicardium and endocardium; the interstitium of the lungs, kidney, adrenal and thyroid glands; the lamina propia of the intestine; and, in occasional birds, in the brain, bursa of Fabricius
, and bone marrow, associated with similar organisms in the macrophages.
The stomach, breast meat, bursa of fabricius
, liver, spleen and abdominal fat were removed by trained personnel and weighed.
Abstract: Techniques for endoscopic biopsy of the spleen and bursa of Fabricius
were evaluated in 71 juvenile and adult white Carneau pigeons (Columba livia).
Avian thymus and bursa of fabricius
play an important role in the development of immunological competence as neonatal surgical or embryonic hormonal bursectomy in chicken greatly reduced subsequent antibody forming capacity (Mueller et al.
Using the conventional PCR test, DuCV DNA was detected in 85 (84%) of 101 bursa of Fabricius
samples from dead or sick ducks, between 1 and 12 weeks old, and in samples from 35 (94%) of 37 flocks.
The liver, bursa of fabricius
, spleen, breast muscle and abdominal fat were then removed by trained personnel and weighed.
Application of this PCR test to samples of bursa of Fabricius
from sick birds in the field showed that 9 of 26 goose samples contained GoCV, while 13 of 34 duck samples contained DuCV.
01) indices of spleen, thymus, and bursa of Fabricius
compared with the control and CTC birds.
Inclusion bodies were present in various organs, especially the bursa of Fabricius
It targets the bursa of fabricius
which is an organ found in young birds developing immune system.