Organizationally oriented bureaucracies
have much tighter career and control structures.
On the one hand, the idea of actually eliminating most of the existing big government bureaucracies
is unthinkable, either because, as in the case of the military, everyone assumes they're a necessary evil, or, in the case of agencies like the Post Office and the Social Security Administration, because they matter so much to ordinary people that they're politically inviolable.
If presidents and political parties are relatively polarized, bureaucracies
are relatively moderate.
Politicians come and go, but the bureaucracies
This study introduces new measures of passive representativeness that provide a more comprehensive picture of the representativeness of state government bureaucracies
. Using original data on gubernatorial appointed policy leaders collected from the 50 states, it offers a more detailed assessment of representativeness by providing a breakdown of the highest leadership positions in state government bureaucracies
by gender, race, and ethnicity.
The rules had changed, but the totalitarian internalized bureaucracies
could not cope with change and reinvent their business.
The organization of American bureaucracy arises out the politics of a separation of powers system (American bureaucracy is more constrained by statutory restrictions than bureaucracies
in parliamentary systems are).
WHO's 2000 annual report was dedicated not to improving health, but to improving health systems--a permanent task for bureaucracies
. "Ultimate responsibility for the performance of a country's health system lies with government.
Bureaucratic permanence for more aptly its stability since bureaucracies
can be, and at times are, eliminated -- e.g, the Civil Aeronautics Board, the Interstate Commerce Commission, the Resolution Trust Corporation), the use of merit-oriented procedures, and the ability to exploit economics of scale mean that bureaucracies
become storehouses of expertise.
Thirteen states have adopted choice programs, and many school districts are experimenting with charter schools and site-based management to reduce the size of central bureaucracies
(Carnegie Foundation, 1992).
For the first time in 45 years, Congress--Congress--managed to neutralize parochial interests and increase strategic efficiency in one of the most entrenched and self-serving bureaucracies
A recent GAO report goes on for dozens of pages about the child support bureaucracies
' administrative problems, and the insistence that a larger, more intrusive bureaucracy is needed indicates that they aren't bringing the problem under control.
Lana Stein makes another pass at the taxing question of how to make bureaucracies
responsible to elected officials.
If federal bureaucracies
can't run trains without killing masses of people, should we entrust our bodies to their care?
For if poverty, homelessness, and disease have complex sources that demand rifleshot, differentiated responses, those complexities seldom touch the human services bureaucracy-government or nonprofit-because bureaucracies
are driven by numbers.