In our case, the eroded lateral wall of the sinus and inflammation of the soft tissue in the buccinator
plane necessitated the use of the Caldwell-Luc procedure.
Sesenna, "A novel technique for cheek mucosa defect reconstruction using a pedicled buccal fat pad and buccinator
myomucosal island flap," Oral Oncology, vol.
After local anaesthesia, a horizontal incision was made in the free gingiva for a distance of approximately 2 cm over the zygomatic buttress extending through the mucosa, submucosa, and any buccinator
muscle fibers (Figure-2A).
The probe tip was placed on the cheek ~10-15 mm lateral to the lip angle, avoiding natural creases in the skin when the underlying muscles (risorius, buccinator
, platysma) contracted (Figure 1(d)).
The weight of the buccinator
muscles is no longer opposed, by the mass of the tongue, and thus unequal forces are created, which place constrictive forces on the palate.
The tendon was anchored on both sides to the modiolus and buccinator
muscle and the skin paddle was sutured to the oral mucosa (Figure 1(c)).
 confirmed that the components in the RMF and canal are the nerves that provide innervation to the pulp of third molar, retromolar region and to the fibers of the temporalis and buccinator
Next is the buccinator
, a smaller muscle that puffs out the cheek (Fig 1), then the masseter is superimposed, a large muscle used for grinding, the one that bulges when the movie hero, ready to spring into action, clenches his jaw.
Working the 'buccinator
' muscles in the cheeks will help lift and firm your face.
It is smaller than the carpometacarpus of the swans Cygnus buccinator
muscle, pterygomandibular raphe, and retromolar trigone are well delineated with cheek distension, and the location of a tumor on the buccal mucosa or gingival mucosa is clearly identified.
* The buccal fat pad is attached by 6 ligaments to the maxilla, posterior zygoma, and inner and outer rims of the infra-orbital fissure, temporalis tendon and buccinator
We used a long-term data set on a northern breeding bird that relies on wetlands for nesting, the trumpeter swan Cygnus buccinator
, to complete one of the first detailed examinations of the potential effects of climate change on the breeding range of an avian species.