bubble chamber

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  • noun

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an instrument that records the tracks of ionizing particles

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The PICO experiment at the Department of Energy's Fermilab uses a bubble chamber in a bid to detect weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs), which are a hypothesized type of dark matter.
Something was needed that would be selective as cloud chambers and as sensitive as bubble chambers.
Such an arrangement, which ended reliance on photographed particle tracks in bubble chambers and inaugurated the age of electronic particle detection, allowed physicists to pinpoint individual particle trajectories with improved precision while handling hundreds of thousands of such events per second.
His work includes experiments in the 25-inch and 40-inch bubble chambers at LBL and SLAC, work on the electron ring accelerator at LBL, pion and kaon form factor experiments at Fermilab, the Time Projection Chamber (TPC) at Berkeley/SLAC, the D0 experiment at Fermilab, the CMS experiment at CERN, the DREAM calorimeter tests at CERN, and numerous smaller physics and instrumentation studies.
The American physicist Luis Walter Alvarez (1911-1988) constructed huge bubble chambers and, beginning in 1960, detected particles that existed for only a few trillionths of a trillionth of a second before breaking down.