We adapted a branch/twig sampling method developed by Stickney (1966) to estimate the percent of twigs browsed
across a large sample of willow plants.
During the day time, calves browsed
on communal range land.
* The date and time when the participants browsed
the search results
The number of stem breakages and browsed
lateral twigs was counted.
The essence of this type of personalized learning is the herd mentality exploited through emphasizing the popularity of learning objects that are often browsed
Instead, we assessed the quality of browse available at the end of winter by measuring the diameter (to the nearest ram) of [greater than or equal to] 3 browsed
twigs for each browsed
species within a 30 m radius of a random point located in each study site.
But in a highly interactive communications class, where classroom activities made extensive use of the students' wireless capabilities, those who browsed
the most scored highest, the researchers found.
Advocates of text-based utility and design clarity (Victor Vina's elegant and practical "HyperSPC" project, a prizewinner this year, stores text in linked squares on the desktop) vied with evangelists of visually and metaphorically enriched environments (in Vassil lliev's dreamlike project, "you are the browser"; in Louis Luthy's "Backwards," you are the browsed
We have many reasons to be concerned--the silence of songbirds that no longer find acceptable habitat, the absence of a spring orchid browsed
to extirpation, the conversion of a commercially productive forest to species of far less value and diversity.
The cumulative shoot length removed ('browsed
') was then calculated for each willow sapling.
Over time, highly palatable plants that are repeatedly browsed
are often overtopped and subsequently replaced with less palatable plants, thereby changing patterns of plant community composition (Krefting 1974, Risenhoover & Maass 1987, McInnes et al.
Tree seedlings, herbaceous and shrub species richness, diversity, and floristic quality were quantified in browsed
and fenced treatments as indicators of plant diversity.
Balsam fir is considered a "starvation food" and is seldom browsed
by white-tailed deer (Swift, 1946).
In 4 areas of interior Alaska where moose density recently changed, we evaluated the magnitude of change among 4 browse indices: proportional offtake of current annual growth biomass (OFTK), proportion of current twigs that were browsed
(PTB), mean twig diameter at point of browsing (DPB), and proportion of plants with broomed architecture.
The numbers of browsed
and unbrowsed shoots were counted within 2 m from ground level.