Some wingless insects such as ticks, bristletails
, fleas, and some cockroaches and insect larvae can absorb water vapor directly from unsaturated air by an as-yet-unknown mechanism.
These small permanent quadrats enabled us to look closely for very small species, such as mites and springtails, and the intensive searches of large areas allowed us to get abundances of larger species, such as millipedes and bristletails, that are generally uncommon.
As the cricket guano community declined, only the snail Carychium stygium, the millipede Scoterpes copei and the bristletail Litocampa cookei persisted through the late 1980s.
During this same time period the total numbers on guano of the millipede Scoterpes and the bristletail Litocampa remained at 1-2 individuals per census.
The sections of the text are divided into Bristletails
, Cockroaches, Crickets, Earwigs, Booklice, Bugs, Beetles, Moths and butterflies, Ants, bees and wasps, and Flies.
Insect history A new ancestry tree dates origins of (from left) springtails; jumping bristletails
; silverfish; dragonflies/damselflies; crickets/katydids; true bugs/cicadas/plant lice; snakeflies; beetles; sawflies/wasps/bees/ants; moths/butterflies; true flies; caddisflies; cockroaches; and scorpionflies.