In addition, India is keeping its Fast Breeder reactor
program outside the IAEA safeguard for potential military use.
For the most part, the development of breeder reactors
was left largely to the federal government.
The spent fuel reprocessing plant is a milestone in India's three-stage nuclear programme," he said, adding that it would help in the transition from the first stage to the second (of the programme) for building fast breeder reactors
to produce sustainable and clean energy for the country.
Plagued by high costs, often multiyear downtime for repairs (including a 15-year reactor restart delay in Japan), multiple safety problems (among them often catastrophic sodium fires triggered simply by contact with oxygen), and unresolved proliferation risks, fast breeder reactors
already have been the focus of more than $50,000,000,000 in development spending, including over $10,000,000,000 each by the U.
Reportedly, the increase to 20 GWe would be achieved through a mix of pressurized heavy water reactors (PHWRs), light water reactors and fast breeder reactors
, including construction of 5 fast breeder reactors
of 500 MWe each and the import of 8 light water reactors of 1000 MWe each.
Sodium-cooled fast reactors have been the most popular design for breeder reactors
, with prototypes built as early as 1951.
Reprocessed, it can be used in certain reactors as a uranium-plutonium mixture (MOX), or in fast breeder reactors
offer a self-sustaining source of energy.
Such breeder reactors
will actually breed more fissionable fuel in the jackets than is consumed in the core, and this means that all the uranium and thorium supply of the world can serve as potential fission fuel, rather than the rare uranium-235 alone.
During the energy crisis of the 1970s, however, the nuclearpower industry advocated reprocessing spent fuel to provide plutonium for breeder reactors
as a way of stretching U.
By following the above approach, India has mastered the design and manufacturing of sodium cooled Fast Breeder Reactors
The plant was originally supposed to recover plutonium from spent nuclear fuel to provide startup fuel for a new generation of plutonium breeder reactors
like Japan's Monju reactor.
Bhardwaj reported India considers the waste as a "treasure" for fast breeder reactors
Contents Introduction 1 Background 4 India's Nuclear Facilities 6 Research Reactors 8 Power Reactors 9 Breeder Reactors
12 Uranium Enrichment 12 Spent Fuel Reprocessing 12 Heavy Water Production 12 Uranium Recovery and Conversion 13 Factors Influencing the Separation Plan 13 U.
working on breeder reactors
, reactors for submarines and experimental techniques in reactor physics.