The condition is the stretching of subareolar ducts with fibrosis and inflammation with sticky, multicolored fluid that appears as a dark colored mass under the nipple (blue breast) being predisposed to infection (mastitis or breast abscess
The reported incidence of breast abscess
in lactation related mastitis is 4.8%-11%.
The breast abscess
pus was sent to the microbiology laboratory for testing.
Rest of the patients (38.36%) presented with features similar to a breast abscess
. 26.03% patients had fever at the time of presentation.
"Potential risks include infections (or even breast abscess
formation), nerve damage, bleeding, hematoma (a blood-filled cyst), allergic reactions, nipple cysts, and keloid scarring (raised, red scarring). Unfortunately, nipple piercing is also associated with hepatitis B and hepatitis C infection, and even HIV.
The breast abscess
aspect in ultrasound is a very hypoechoic oval or circular mass, with sharp or regular contours and less or good acoustic transmission [7, 8].
 reported that obesity was a risk factor for breast abscess
. Bharat et al.
IGM is a recurrent chronic inflammatory disease characterized by noncaseating granuloma, lobule inflammation, and rare breast abscess
As an example, in Oxford where I trained, there are six specialist colorectal surgeons in one hospital serving a population of under a million, and they never venture outside their specialty, even to drain a breast abscess
on-call or to repair a hernia.
It may be necessary to discard milk in the case of a breast abscess
if the breast is still draining pus and the baby is unwell or premature.
(5) In cases where patients received inappropriate or delayed treatment, complications of mastitis can occur such as, unnecessary cessation of breastfeeding, breast tissue injury, recurrence and breast abscess
. (6) In addition, the inflammation of breast tissue in mastitis is a painful and frustrating experience making most of the breastfeeding women very ill.
Keywords: Public Health Nurse (PHN), Internally Displaced People (IDP), Breast Abscess
, Wound Care, Nursing students, Faculty.
Similarly, cracked nipples, mastitis, breast abscess
and inverted nipples were implicated as reasons for stopping EBF by Islam and Naila in a study conducted in Rawalpindi18.
Chronic breast abscess
due to Mycobacterium fortuitum: a case report.