Two veins of research about fathers have held sway since the 1980s: one about fathers' increased involvement with their children and one about the sustained importance of breadwinning
to fatherhood (Lamb, 2000; Pleck & Pleck, 1997).
(1) In both Canada and the United States, the figures for breadwinning
women vary depending on how this is being measured and whether one includes all women or just mothers, as well as whether women/mothers are married, common-law, or single.
The concept of equally shared parenting, a model in which both parents contribute equally to household chores, breadwinning
, and child-rearing, is being embraced by many heterosexual couples, although it might not be quite as new a concept to same-sex couples in which gender roles have never been quite as clear-cut.
Jewish men's failure to sustain their breadwinning
responsibilities disrupted Jewish claims to white masculine privilege just as it brought into question the right of Jewish women to a space on the southern lady's protective pedestal.
(33) Two gendered themes animated each decision: female absence and male breadwinning
. In both cases, the wife or mother associated with the male plaintiff was either dead or incapacitated.
wives and 'left-behind' husbands: Men and masculinities in the Vietnamese transnational family.
The work-family patterns of fathers seem to indicate that economic breadwinning
contributes to men's patterns, along with men's superior opportunities and pay for engaging in wage work.
This article further proposes policies, including paid family leave, to promote co-equal caregiving and breadwinning
between men and women.
The function of the university is not simply to teach breadwinning
, or to furnish teachers for the public schools, or to be a centre of polite society; it is, above all, to be the organ of that fine adjustment between real life and the growing knowledge of life, an adjustment from which forms the secret of civilization.
Conversations revolve around absent family members (breadwinning
fathers, married daughters)..
allocate responsibility for breadwinning
and for caretaking.
A fund was formed for supporting and financing the small enterprises and ''Sanad's'' Fund for financing breadwinning
projects, al-Nabhani added.
Since the installment of checkpoints his road to breadwinning
had been blocked and the slope became more slippery than ever, until the final crash when he was forced to pull his son out of school, a determining act for Sharif's future.
Among upper-middle-class black mothers, a sizable majority worked outside the home--unlike their white female counterparts, who largely left the breadwinning
to their husbands.
(5) Chappell's stress on the regressive influence of a perduring family model based on a breadwinning
man and his homemaking spouse leads her into some unusual places.