cysts are among the most common lateral neck masses.
tentacles have narrow primary and rudimentary secondary branches as per Kott (1969).
Cervical thymic cyst is a rare entity with just over a 100 cases reported.1 It presents as a diagnostic challenge as it mimics lymphangioma and branchial
cleft cyst which are relatively more common in the paediatric age group.
Guerichosteus heterolepis is attributed to the genus on the basis of similarities in the morphology of the branchial
plates, postorbital plates and in the ornamentation characters (size and morphology of tubercles) and their topography.
On suspicion of a branchial
cleft fistula, surgical resection of the fistula was scheduled.
It generally represents an incidence of 1.7-2% within the branchial
arches malformations group , while some series report an incidence of less than 1% .
cleft cyst as the initial impression of a metastatic thyroid papillary carcinoma: two case reports," The Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences, vol.
It is difficult to differentiate FDCS from commonly found cystic neck masses such as branchial
cyst, cystic lymph node metastases, and neurogenic tumors with cystic degeneration based on imaging alone.
arch anomalies are the second most common congenital abnormality, representing 17% of congenital anomalies in the head and neck region in the pediatric population .
cleft anomalies (FBCA) are relatively uncommon congenital malformations of the head and neck, accounting for only 1-8% of all branchial
anomalies [1, 2].
When the octolasmids inhabit branchial
chambers of the crabs, they occupy space on the gills surface normally available for gaseous exchange and can severely impair host respiration (Hudson and Lester, 1994).
Miyake & McEachran (1991) worked with the branchial
arches skeleton of batoids, including some Urotrygonids species.
It was found that if the snail shell was cracked and the snail's branchial
gland removed, its juice when extracted and put in a clear bowl and placed in the sunlight caused something stunning to happen: The juice, which was white, turned greeny-yellow, then a definite green, then violet before finally turning red and darkening as the minutes ticked by.
Some of the primary PPS masses include minor salivary gland tumors arising from ectopic salivary gland tissue rests, atypical type II first branchial
cleft anomaly, and lipomas.