The condition is commonly seen in brachycephalic breeds
like pugs due to their less prominent orbit, prominent eye and poor eyelid closure, therefore minimal trauma may lead to prolapse of eye.
Eyelid problems, such as infections and dry eyes, are also common in these so-called brachycephalic breeds
Himalayans, Burmese, Persians and Exotic Shorthairs--a shorthaired version of Persians--are among brachycephalic breeds
, but not all will necessarily suffer from the syndrome, also known as congenital obstructive upper airway disease.
The brachycephalic breeds
of dogs are considered highly susceptible to chemodectomas (JOHNSON, 1968; DEAN & STRAFUSS, 1975; KISSEBERTH, 2001), and there is an apparent male predisposition (JOHNSON, 1968; CAPEN, 2002); during this study, only male dogs were diagnosed with aortic body tumors.
For example, brachycephalic breeds
such as the bulldog are especially susceptible to heat stroke.
For example: Brachycephalic breeds
such as Bulldogs and Boxers often have upper-airway problems.
Not all brachycephalic dogs have problems and I hope that we can safeguard the future health of brachycephalic breeds
by selecting the healthiest brachycephalic dogs to breed from.
Cherry eye has been reported as a disease of animals younger than one year and breeds like Cocker Spanial, Beagle, Boston terrier, Lhasa Apso, English Bulldogs, Pekingese, Boston Terriers, Basset Hounds, Shih Tzus, and brachycephalic breeds
are predisposed (Slatter, 2003; Fossum, 2013).
Among brachycephalic breeds
, not all dogs will necessarily suffer from the syndrome, also known as congenital obstructive upper airway disease.
"Entropion is most commonly a genetic condition with brachycephalic breeds
, such as Persians and Himalayans, at higher risk because of their skull conformations," says J.
While there are no genetic factors or breed predilections with CIRD, it is theorized that brachycephalic breeds
could be at a higher risk factor for more severe infection.
However, some breeds are prone to weakness in tissue such as Neapolitan Mastiffs, American Cocker Spaniel, Lhasa Apsos and many brachycephalic breeds
. Abrasion and drying of exposed gland results in secondary inflammation and swelling (Slatter, 2001).
"Some breeds are also predisposed--those who cannot dissipate heat as efficiently, for example, brachycephalic breeds
Densely coated cats (Himalayans and Persians, for example), whose bodies are less able to dissipate heat are also at elevated risk, as are brachycephalic breeds
, those with flat faces and short noses, who may lack sufficient nasal space to allow the cooling of inhaled air.
Bulldogs belong to a group of dogs called the brachycephalic breeds
. They have been bred over many generations to have a short muzzle.