The gland was supplied by superior thyroid artery and venous drained away via left brachiocephalic vein
. Type II of thyroid gland abnormality was founded one case, characterized by thyroid gland with right lobe, left lobe, isthmus and levator glandulae thyroideae was also observed in a female body as shown in Figure 1G.
Pesa, "Central venous catheter placement in the left internal jugular vein complicated by perforation of the left brachiocephalic vein
and massive hemothorax: a case report," A&A Case Reports, vol.
There is no right-sided SVC and patients present with a CXR with a noticeably small mediastinal shadow (right SVC absent) Type III Abnormal anatomy with a right- and a let-sided SVC Type IIIa The let brachiocephalic vein
, connecting let and right SVC, is present Type IIIb The brachiocephalic vein
is missing and consequently the connection between the two SVC
It shows the right and left internal jugular vein (RIJV and LIJV), right and left external jugular vein (REJV and LEJV), right and left supraclavicular (RSC and LSC) branches of cephalic vein, right and left cephalic vein (RCV and LCV), right and left infraclavicular (RIC and LIC) branch of cephalic vein, right and left axillary veins (RAV and LAV), right and left brachiocephalic vein
(RBC and LBC), superior vena cava (SVC), aorta (A), deltoid muscle (D), and pectoral major muscle (P).
Keywords: Brachiocephalic vein
, central venous cannulation, paediatric, ultrasonography
We are probably the first to report brachiocephalic vein
thrombosis, due to mediastinal pseudocyst.
This case report aims to report pneumomediastinum after unsuccessful right brachiocephalic vein
thrombectomy mimicking a STEMI.
Caption: Figure 3: Schematic illustration of the anatomy of the CVL inserted accidentally in an anomalous pulmonary vein connected to the right atrium via the brachiocephalic vein
This metastasis was invading the proximal region of the left brachiocephalic vein
with a progressive intravascular growing that filled and expanded the superior vena cava (SVC).
The subclavian vein does not cross the interscalene triangle but runs beneath the anterior scalene before joining the internal jugular vein to form the brachiocephalic vein
The superior vena cava, brachiocephalic vein
, and internal mammary vein were all located in the upper mediastinum (Figure 2(c)).
Triplex color doppler study revealed complete thrombosis of right internal jugular vein, right proximal brachiocephalic vein
with partial thrombosis in right subclavian vein.
Subsequently, Doppler ultrasonography (USG) of neck was advised to find the cause of SVC syndrome, which revealed intraluminal thrombus in the right internal jugular, right subclavian and visualised extent of right brachiocephalic vein
with no significant flow (figure 4)
It usually arises from medium-sized or large veins (e.g., the superior vena cava, azygous vein, and left brachiocephalic vein
There was narrowing at the junction of left brachiocephalic vein
just before it drained into the superior vena cava (SVC) (Figure 1).