Twenty-two lesions were classified as type B, including lesions of the aortic arch (n=2), descending aorta (n=3), coronary artery (n=1), splenic artery (n=1), left subclavian artery (n=1), left common carotid artery (n=1), brachiocephalic trunk
(n=1), aortaventralis (n=3), celiac trunk (n=3), iliac artery (n=4), renal artery (n=1), and IMA (n=1).
An ultrasound scan can show the presence of the brachiocephalic trunk
and the base of its two branches; performed by highly trained personnel, it offers important data for the suspicion of a NRILN (Morais et al.; Gurleyik & Gurleyik, 2016; Konschake et al, 2016).
On the inferior aspect, the vascular pedicle was the most prominent one with evidence of direct supply from the brachiocephalic trunk
which was ligated and divided (Fig.
As a preparation for the resection of the substernal goiter, the major blood vessels, such as the innominate vein (A), brachiocephalic trunk
(B), vena cava superior (C), and left subclavian artery (D), were carefully separated from the substernal goiter, and then thyroidectomy was performed.
Further investigation may be required to understand the mechanism of transient bradycardia that resolves after removal of the catheter near the brachiocephalic trunk
While the thyroid artery has been ascertained to stem directly from the brachiocephalic trunk
in the kiwi (Glenny, 1942b), it has been shown to originate from the carotid artery in the Eurasian bittern (Erdogan, 2012).
This group more often included hemodynamic stenosis leading to the occlusion of extracranial carotid brachiocephalic trunk
. Reactivity of vessels in this group of patients was in most cases lowered.
However common brachiocephalic trunk
(CBT) associated Moyamoya disease has not previously been reported.
The aortic arch, located in the superior mediastinum, gives rise to three classical branches, namely the brachiocephalic trunk
(BT), the left common carotid artery (LCCA) and the left subclavian artery (LSA).
The brachiocephalic trunk
was originated from the right aortic arch; the left common carotid and the left subclavian arteries were branched off the left one.
1-i) which situated on the origin of brachiocephalic trunk
. Nerve branches originated from plexus the mentioned above were distributed to right auricle (Fig.
Objective: To study the vertebral levels of formation and termination of superior vena cava (SVC) and the vertebral level of origin of brachiocephalic trunk
, left common carotid artery, and left subclavian artery in Indian subjects, and to describe their role in vascular interventions.
The blood vessels that are readily visible on imaging include the 2 brachiocephalic trunks
, which are the largest arteries in most birds; the ascending aorta, which arises from the right brachiocephalic trunk
; the abdominal aorta; the 2 pulmonary arteries and veins; and the 2 carotid arteries that start from the brachiocephalic trunks
1: vb) was originated at the level of the origin of the brachiocephalic trunk
, then directed ventrally, and then after its origin by 4 [+ or -] 0.2 cm and at the caudal margin of the left auricle and cranial margin of the aortic arch gave three branches; cranial, middle and caudal branches.
 The right and left brachiocephalic trunk
veins were gently cut and deep dissection of neck region was done to find out further course of vertebral artery.