Oral histories of the Bracero
Program--the migrant farm worker program that ran in the U.
The reconfigured flotation circuit at the Los Braceros
Mill has been successfully commissioned.
Moreover, the study shows that braceros
were not substantially replaced with domestic workers in the years immediately following exclusion; rather, the researchers find evidence that farm owners rapidly adopted new, labor-saving technologies.
For example, while the tomato picking business in California didn't miss the braceros
and was able to adapt within a year by introducing mechanized harvesters for production, other crops such as asparagus and fresh strawberries that didn't have a technological solution couldn't cope and saw a decline in production.
Rylands, a British colonial officer stationed in Owerri, where the mostly Igbo braceros
were from, says that he had 'heard all about the "evil" conditions of Nigerian labourers in Fernando Poo from those who [had] previously been' there.
Labor shortages during the First World War led to the first Bracero
Program for Mexican guest workers between 1917 and 1921.
The two countries signed the Bracero
Agreement in 1943, which began the importation of laborers or "braceros
" from Mexico to work in the United States.
Meanwhile, real wages of braceros
actually declined during this remarkable decade of growth: the nominal wage in lemons, the best paid of all local agricultural jobs, was 95 cents an hour in 1947, and just 97 cents an hour in 1959.
La Bravo habia modelado el fenomeno de los braceros
creando un contrapunto orozquiano entre los lazos sentimentales de una pareja campesina y la cruda a inhumana explotacion de un miserable, apoyada en un rock and roll hiriente y brutal.
7 million short-term contracts for Mexican men, known as braceros
(brazos is the word for arms in Spanish), had been issued.
Using the voices of scholars, activists, labor organizers, surviving Mexican braceros
and their families, HOL indicts the growers who cheated on wages, offered prison style living conditions, denied benefits for disabling injuries or death.
Calderon dedico dos jornadas para iniciar los pagos de un total de 3 mil 800 millones de pesos a braceros
de hace 70 anos.
Los ex braceros
mexicanos que trabajaron en los campos y el ferrocarril de Estados Unidos entre 1942 y 1964-o sus familiares-, recibieron, por fin, una compensacion monetaria.
According to a report from the Committee on Aliens, Council on Fair Employment Practice, the braceros
lived in drafty boxcars with no heat.
Mexico's government refused to allow braceros
to be sent to Texas, due to the state's history of mistreatment of Mexicans.