The 2011 law opens the door to civil lawsuits against anyone calling for a boycott against Israel, including of lands it has occupied, if that call could knowingly lead to a boycott.
The two New Zealanders, Justine Sachs and Nadia Abu-Shanab, penned an open letter to Lorde last year in which they urged her to "take a stand" and "join the artistic boycott of Israel.
The ACLU statement continued: "The Supreme Court ruled decades ago that political boycotts
are protected by the First Amendment, and other decisions have established that the government may not require individuals to sign a certification regarding their political expression in order to obtain employment, contracts, or other benefits.
Hundreds of activists using social media sites, chiefly Facebook, Twitter and WhatsApp, have called for a three-day boycott
of purchasing fruit, saying that vendors and shopkeepers were fleecing people through overpricing.
Further investigations have focused on the analysis of the boycott
from different perspectives, such as: consumer gender difference and the boycott
(Klein et ah, 2004; Barda & Sardianou); the boycott
as an ideological perspective of a group of consumer activists regarding a cause (Culcasi, 2016); the reasons for the engagement of consumers in boycotts
(Albrecht et al, 2013.
The strike, called the Great Grape Boycott
, eventually garnered national media attention and a personal visit from Senator Robert Kennedy.
Clearly, political boycotts
are a form of free expression.
are a form of anticonsumption behavior, where boycotters are market activists who forgo the consumption of certain products and services because of environmental, political, ethical, or social issues (Chatzidakis and Lee 2013; Hoffmann 2011; Yuksel 2013; Yuksel and Mryteza 2009).
The third boycott
movement could be seen as a direct consequence not just of the Balkan Wars and Muslim migrants coming from the Balkans, but also as the result of the first two movements where the necessity to create a Muslim/Turkish national economy (Milli Iktisat) and a need to buy domestic products was repeatedly mentioned and enforced during the period of the boycotts
In hand here are four volumes which represent various elements of the debate: The Case for Sanctions Against Israel, edited by Audrea Lim and published by Verso in 2012; The Case Against Academic Boycotts
of Israel, edited by Cary Nelson and Gabriel Noah Brahm, published by MLA Members for Scholars' Rights in 2015; Who's Afraid of Academic Freedom?
In recent months, South Carolina has passed a law restricting state contracting with those who boycott
on a nationality basis (the law is not limited to Israel; I advised on the drafting), and Illinois will prevent its pension fund from holding stock in boycotting companies.
Google and the websites we visited all talked about consumer groups who called for boycotts
against these companies.
The risk is of a domino effect of boycotts
, as Western societies disconnect from Israel: and Jews, who refuse to disengage from Israel as their neighbors do, get crushed by the falling dominoes.
In Israel, a number of boycotts
are going on all the time.
Enforcement of the secondary and tertiary boycotts
has decreased over time, reducing their effect.