Even learned men such as Raphelengius were inclined to bowdlerization
and selective textual excision.
While Wood levels the charge of hegemony against many objects in her range of view, the book offers no analysis of how to distinguish between translation, adaptation, and bowdlerization
, or between different creative opinions, limited resources, and censorship.
Books as History is well written and lavishly illustrated with color photographs detailing important facets of a book's physical appearance, including styles of binding; spines and hinges strengthened with recycled parchment or paper; illustrated covers and book jackets; title pages; typographical variations; layout and design; ownership markings; annotated margins; bowdlerization
; deletion of passages to conform with political or religious decrees; and media as they changed over time, including clay tablets, codices, floppy disks, and e-readers.
"disappears" this scene altogether in the three most easily available versions of the play--the Olivier 1973 production, Trevor Nunn's 2001 PBS version, and the Michael Radford-Al Pacino 2004 film--a tactic which might well be preferable to those productions staged to make the couple appear disillusioned with and alienated from each other.
James Hankins, for example, has shown that, as a translator, Leonardo Bruni took the route of "selection, bowdlerization
, and suppression" in order to make Plato seem more acceptable to Christian readers.
(159) James seems surprised less by the bowdlerization
than by Hawthorne's relinquishment of his authorial sovereignty.
(1) E incluso se han acunado en la lengua inglesa los sustantivos derivados bowdlerization
y bowdlerizer para significar 'censura' y 'censor', respectivamente.
(22) Two similar acts of bowdlerization
, one perpetrated by Faulkner's original publisher, the other orchestrated by Borges himself, also pertain to this novel.
In sum, then, the Maudes' version of "Sevastopol in December" is a bowdlerization
. But since they had consulted Tolstoy before tampering with the text, their translation influenced Russian editors.
How, indeed, can a radical artistic movement such as modernism survive, much less flourish, in a popular marketplace prone to censorship, editing, and bowdlerization
? Using Joseph Conrad's Chance (1913) as her exemplar, Jones traces the novelist's revisionary practices as he transforms his manuscript from its serialized form into the eventual novel of the same name.
Leonard van der Kuijp has identified an instance of bowdlerization
in an early dynastic translation of one of the tantras (1992:116).
and Expurgation: Academic and Folk', Journal of American Folklore, 80 (1967), 374-86.
In response to these two complaints by one viewer, Turner Broadcasting has pledged to excise every positive depiction of smoking from its library of Hanna-Barbera cartoons, a bowdlerization
the company described as "a voluntary step we've taken in light of the changing times.
(23) For more examples of such bowdlerization
see my 'Vasil Bykau and the Soviet Byelorussian Novel', in The Languages and Literatures of the Non-Russian Peoples of the Soviet Union, ed.
Erudite and judicious, with no time for vainglorious legends or Victorian bowdlerization
, Knight has written a post-patriotic, and certainly a post-imperial, book on the central naval figure in the imperial saga.