How could this botulinum
toxin jump from one bacterial species to another?
toxin can help block the communication between the nerve and the muscle and may alleviate abnormal movements and postures.
Type A botulinum
toxin without complexing proteins injects 100 units in a vial.
Due to its effect of blocking the action of acetylcholine at neuromuscular junction, botulinum
toxin A is very helpful in relieving muscle spasms.
treated 14 patients with facial nerve paralysis using botulinum
This will be the first ever attempt to introduce a self-developed botulinum
toxin to the US market by a South Korean company.
neurotoxin (BoNT), which causes the disease botulism in humans, is produced by the spore-forming, anaerobic, gram-positive bacillus bacteria Clostridium botulinum
Patients with history of laryngo-tracheal injury, laryngeal surgery, organic laryngeal pathology and previously treated with Botulinum
toxin A were excluded from study.
Another study, a retrospective chart review of 18 patients published in 2009, had similar results, showing that in patients who undergo facial reconstructions, botulinum
toxin can help with wound healing regardless of which type (A or B) is used.
toxin might be of particular interest to singers because it has been used to treat a number of voice disorders.
If spores of botulinum
contaminate food, they generate a neurotoxin.
Therapeutic use of botulinum
toxins: Background and history.
Illustrated Guide to Aesthetic Botulinum
Toxin Injections: Basics, Localization, Uses
A potent neurotoxin, botulinum
toxin, is produced by the gram-positive anaerobic rod-shaped bacteria Clostridium botulinum
Efficacy of botulinum
toxin in benign essential blepharospasm: Desirable and undesirable effects