1891g--many of the Legion's Mosins still used the original loading consisting of a rimmed, bottlenecked case 54mm long whose 210-grain round-nosed FMJ bullet was propelled to 1990 fps.
* 6.5mm Type 30--the 6.5mm Type 30 cartridge used a semi-rimmed, bottlenecked case 50mm long loaded with a 161-grain round nosed, FMJ bullet at 2250 fps.
Bottlenecked lines were established from a large ancestral population by obtaining offspring from one, four, or 16 pairs of flies, respectively (with two replicate lines of each bottleneck size, designated a and b).
At each flush phase after a bottleneck, additive genetic variances and covariances for these eight traits were obtained from the ancestral population using midparental-offspring covariances (three daughters per family; approximately 30 families per episode), to obtain an additive genetic variance-covariance matrix, used as a basis for measuring generalized genetic distance, D, between each bottlenecked line and the ancestor (Lande 1979; Bryant and Meffert 1990).
*6,5mm M.93 (rumanische) scharfe Patrone*--Romanian Mannlichers were originally chambered for a rimmed, bottlenecked case 53mm in length with a 156-grain round-nosed, FMJ bullet traveling at 2430 fps.
*7,92mm M.13 scharfe Mauserpatrone--the M.13 and M.1904 used the German 7,9mm Patrone 88 (or Patrone J) which used a 57mm rimless, bottlenecked case whose 232-grain round-nosed FMJ bullet was propelled to 2030 fps.
After three generations, during which time the population flushed to a normal laboratory size of approximately 2000, we established four separate subpopulations: two nonbottlenecked lines (using a mass sampling of eggs from the base laboratory population) and two bottlenecked
lines (each derived from the offspring of two male-female pairs).
* 10,15mm metak za pusku M.80--consisted of a 63mm rimmed, bottlenecked
case whose 340-grain paper-patched lead bullet was propelled to 1500 fps by a charge of blackpowder.
, Boxer-type cartridge with a coiled brass body attached to a brass base.
case 57mm in length with a 173-grain round-nosed FMJ bullet moving at 2300 fps.
case 53mm in length with a 159-grain round-nosed bullet, FMJ bullet moving at 2400 fps.
* 11mm scharfe Patronen M.71 & M.84--the Mauser cartridge consisted of a rimmed, bottlenecked
case 60mm long, loaded with a round-nose 388-grain paper-patched, lead bullet pushed to velocity of 1443 fps by a 77-grain charge of blackpowder.
They were chambered for a bottlenecked
cartridge with a coiled brass body 58.4mm long, attached to an iron or brass base, with a 480-grain paper-patched bullet driven to 1350 fps by 85 grains of blackpowder.
This rifle fired a cartridge with a 60mm rimmed, bottlenecked
case containing 70 grains of blackpowder which propelled its 285-grain paper-patched, flat-nosed, lead bullet to approximately 1758 fps.
They were chambered for a rimmed, bottlenecked
case 55mm long topped with a 465-grain paper-patched, lead bullet that 80 grains of blackpowder drove to 1690 fps.