One study, by using body surface bony landmarks
and a longitudinal reference line, has described the superior-inferior relationship between the "Extramuscular Motor Points" (equavelant to "Nerve Entry Points") of the gracilis, adductor longus, adductor brevis, and adductor magnus muscle.
In an attempt to increase the accuracy of APP measurement, CT scans are used to better delineate bony landmarks
. However, these are taken supine while the functional positions of the pelvis are in standing or sitting.
used on the definition of the local coordinate system of the thorax, scapula and humerus.
After this, it is necessary to know the relationship between the bony landmarks
and the deep structures lying under them.
We did not measure in cadaver specimen 5 since bony landmarks
were difficult to palpate because of excessive adipose tissue.
Later chapters follow the traditional sequence in which massage therapists perform assessments: bony landmarks
and fascial structures, superficial muscles on the axial skeleton, superficial muscles on the extremities, and deeper muscles and muscle groups.
Line drawings illustrate bony landmarks
used in the assessments, and numerous photos show both obvious and subtle postural variations.
But Green and Alemseged need to conduct a more detailed analysis of various bony landmarks
on Selam's shoulder blades to support a scenario of frequent tree climbing says anthropologist Yohannes Haile-Selassie of the Cleveland Museum of Natural History.