In an attempt to increase the accuracy of APP measurement, CT scans are used to better delineate bony landmarks
Segment Bony Landmark
Abbrev T8 spinous process T8 Thorax Xiphoid process of the sternum PX C7 Spinous process C7 Incisura Jugularis of the sternum IJ Angulus acromialis AA Scapula Trigonum Spinae Scapulae TS Angulus Inferior Scapulae AI Epicondylus medialis EM Humerus Epicondylus lateralis EL Glenohumeral rotation centre * GH Abbrev: Abbreviations.
Using bony landmarks
, the NEPs were also located at the skin level.
We did not measure in cadaver specimen 5 since bony landmarks
were difficult to palpate because of excessive adipose tissue.
Later chapters follow the traditional sequence in which massage therapists perform assessments: bony landmarks
and fascial structures, superficial muscles on the axial skeleton, superficial muscles on the extremities, and deeper muscles and muscle groups.
Line drawings illustrate bony landmarks
used in the assessments, and numerous photos show both obvious and subtle postural variations.
But Green and Alemseged need to conduct a more detailed analysis of various bony landmarks
on Selam's shoulder blades to support a scenario of frequent tree climbing says anthropologist Yohannes Haile-Selassie of the Cleveland Museum of Natural History.