There is consistent evidence that restrictive AN exhibits higher levels of delusionality (a less impulsive and less insightful pole), lending support to their significance and major role in the development and the maintenance of EDs, particularly during the early phase of the illness, reflecting a link between cognitive and emotional aspects of body image disturbances
in AN (1).
Independent samples t-tests were performed to determine if students with reported history (i.e., versus perceptions measured by the HBS) of sexual harassment or an intimidating, hostile, or offensive working environment reported higher levels of body image disturbance
. There were no significant body image differences between students with or without a reported history of sexual harassment.
Disturbances in this concept could be associated with cognitive and emotional problems, that may be led to serious health problems, like depression, anxiety and eating disorders.1-3 For many years, body dissatisfaction and body image disturbances
were known as western phenomenon especially amongst females,4,5 but in recent years, these issues are located in males and other cultures as well.6-8 Ideal body shapes that are advertised by media is thinness for women and masculinity for men.7,9 These ideal shapes are introduced as factors for attraction and success in job opportunity or marriage.7 These ideal body shapes are often unattainable by individuals.9 Therefore, individuals' comparison with these images can lead to depression, low self-esteem, and body image disturbances
It was shown (De Panfilis et al., 2003), that body image disturbance
in disordered eaters may be conceptualized as a deficit in self-development, resulting from failures in parent-child interactions which impaired the ability to distinguish bodily needs from emotional experiences.
It may be more useful to focus on psychological variables related to etiology and maintenance of body image disturbance
. This paper describes a behavior analytic model of body image disturbance
This aims to extend the ecological validity and clinical relevance of this research, as most people presenting in clinical settings with body image disturbance
are only seen remedially (i.e., after they have been barraged with media images).
Additionally, given that individuals suffering from eating and body image disturbance
often experience a great deal of shame, these concerns can go underreported (Costin, 2006), making it all the more important for clinicians who work with college student populations to assess for eating and body image concerns and to follow up on any indications that a client may be experiencing such difficulties.
Empirically evaluated treatments for body image disturbance
: A review.
A number of important studies (e.g., Harrison, 2003; Harrison & Cantor, 1997; Silverstein, Perdue, Peterson, & Kelly, 1986; Tiggemann, 2003) have suggested that exposure to mass media ideal messages is linked to females' body image disturbance
. Concerned with the association between television viewing and body dissatisfaction, Tiggemann (2003, 2006) examined media exposure and body dissatisfaction.
In particular, fitness centers have been identified as potentially objectifying environments that may promote body image disturbance
(Prichard & Tiggemann, 2005a, 2005b, 2008; Ravaldi et al., 2003; Strelan, Mehaffey, & Tiggemann, 2003).
Body image disturbance
in this sense has been defined by Smolak (2004) as any form of affective, cognitive, behavioural, or perceptual disturbance that is directly concerned with an aspect of physical appearance.
Exercise status and sexual orientation as moderators of body image disturbance
and eating disorders in males.
Body dissatisfaction, drive for thinness and bulimia tendencies subscales have been repeatedly used in the literature and is it believed that they represent the main components for body image disturbance
(perception, attitude and behaviour) (Botta, 1999).
At the first assessment, 10% of the adolescents met full-threshold criteria for a clinical eating disorder (anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, or binge eating disorder), 39% had some subthreshold symptoms (compensatory behaviors or body image disturbance
), and 50% were asymptomatic.
At the first assessment, 10% of adolescents met full-threshold criteria for an eating disorder (anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, or binge eating), 39% had some subthreshold symptoms (compensatory behaviors or body image disturbance
), and 50% were asymptomatic.