* PARENTS' CLAIM While in labor at the birthing center, the castor oil, blue cohosh
, and black cohosh caused the patient's uterus to contract excessively and contributed to fetal death.
* Blue cohosh
. Some of the components of this herb have been shown to be teratogenic and toxic in various animal species, so it should be avoided in the first trimester.
Red raspberry leaf is likely safe but ineffective (SOR: B, 1 small randomized controlled trial); evening primrose oil is ineffective and possibly unsafe (SOR: B, 1 small retrospective cohort study); black cohosh and blue cohosh
lack evidence of efficacy and may be unsafe (SOR: C, expert opinion and case reports).
We haul out our loot, passing through a low spot in the valley where a dozen varieties of spring wildflower bloom--trillium, bloodroot, jack-in-the-pulpit, wood anemone, blue cohosh
, May apple and goldenseal.
Encouraged by this successful marking program, resource managers at Blue Ridge Parkway, Shenandoah, Mammoth Cave, Cumberland Gap, and several Canadian provincial parks are attaching similar signature markers to ginseng and other high-dollar poaching targets such as goldenseal, black cohosh, blue cohosh
, bloodroot, lady's slipper orchids, lilies, trillium, and galax.
The most frequently named HMPs were blue cohosh
(64%), black cohosh (45%), red raspberry leaf (64%), castor oil (93%) and evening primrose oil (60%).
Nutritional physician Dr Marilyn Glenville, an expert in women's health problems, has formulated drops for PMT which contain blue cohosh
, agnus castus, lady's mantle and cramp bark.
The safety of these herbal preparations has been confirmed in numerous studies, but this herb should not be confused with Blue Cohosh
(Caulophyllum thalictroides), an herb, that if used improperly, has potentially toxic effects for women and their unborn children.
Caution: Be careful not to confuse black cohosh with blue cohosh
, an over-the-counter herbal supplement also sold as a menstrual remedy.
The team examined dang gui (Angelica sinensis), a plant used in Chinese medicine as a female tonic; hops (Humulus lupulus), a familiar ingredient in beer; vitex (Vitex angus-castus), a Mediterranean plant used to relieve menopausal symptoms; black cohosh (Cimicifuga racemosa), a plant that Native Americans relied on as a cure for menopausal symptoms; blue cohosh
(Caulophyllum thalictroides), a plant also used by Native Americans; and licorice root (Glycyrrhiza uralensis), the flavoring of the candy by the same name, now taken in the Netherlands as a female tonic.
I told my roommates to get a hotel room until the next day and I drank Blue Cohosh
tea all day.
Visitors often notice and ask about the Blue Cohosh