The blood flukes
(Digenea: Sanguinicolidae and Spirorchiidae) of cold-blooded vertebrates: part.
Studies on the blood flukes of the family Spirorchidae.
Byrd's work established Reelfoot Lake as a major center of diversity for blood flukes of freshwater turtles.
Adult blood flukes
infect marine and freshwater fishes and are usually reported from the heart, branchial vessels, or mesenteric vessels.
The tiny blood fluke (Schistosoma mansoni), for example, emerges from a snail and swims through tropical waters in Africa or South America in search of soft human skin.
This blood fluke (magnified 550 times) causes diarrhea.
In addition, certain Schistosoma blood fluke
species, especially S.
A new genus and species of a blood flukes
, Squaroacetabulum solus, from the ventricle of the heart of a marine turtle, Chelone mydas.
Professor Hoffmann and colleagues show for the first time that genomic DNA of the blood fluke
Schistosoma mansoni is methylated and go on to identify the protein (a DNA methyltransferase) that is likely to mediate this process.
A debilitating disease caused by blood flukes, schistosomiasis kills 300,000 people a year, a death toll second only to malaria among parasitic diseases, and leaves more than 200 million people chronically ill.
In a paper entitled "Cytosine methylation regulates oviposition in the pathogenic blood fluke Schistosoma mansoni," which is published in Nature Communications, Professor Karl Hoffmann from the University's Institute of Biological, Environmental and Rural Sciences outlines how they have identified a specific DNA modification of the parasitic flatworm Schistosoma mansoni that gives rise to the disease schistosomiasis.
To the Editor: Schistosomiasis, known since ancient times, is caused by blood flukes (Trematoda: Schistosomidae).
If eggs were released in feces of humans infected with the blood flukes, they could hatch in the environment and the larvae could develop to an infective stage in these snails.
New blood flukes
of the family Spirorchiidae Stunkard (Trematoda) from the marine turtle
The parasites that cause this disease, several related species of blood flukes
, are also fascinating subjects for biologic research because of their complexity, relatively long lifespan, and remarkable host-parasite biology.