Gingival bleeding was assessed using the gingival bleeding index
(GBI) (19) in all teeth, at 2 time points: baseline and 28 days.
TABLE 7: INTER GROUP COMPARISON OF PLAQUE 1NDEX, BLEEDING INDEX
AND MODIFIED GINGIVAL INDEX SCORES VALUES ARE EXPRESSED AS MEAN+-SD
salivarius M18 group indicated a return to near-normal values of less than 1 for plaque index, gingival index, and modified sulcus bleeding index
, and a probing pocket depth of just over 3 mm.
The gingival bleeding index
also corroborates this fact, as the bleeding was lower in the experimental group versus the control group (p < 0.005) (Table 2).
Statistically significant reduction of gingival bleeding index
after 7 and 28 days of the use of toothpastes compared to the gingival bleeding index
at the beginning of the treatment was observed both in study (A) and in the control group (C) (Table 3).
The significance of peri-implant inflammation, bleeding index
, plaque index, calculus, and complications was confirmed by chi-square test.
Means and standard deviations of the clinical variables stratified by study groups (PD: probing depth, CAL: clinical attachment level, PI: plaque index, BOP: bleeding on probing, PBI: papilla bleeding index
, Y: young, MA: middle aged).
All patients fulfilled the clinical criteria of the plaque index (Silness & Loe) [greater than or equal to] 1, gingival index (Loe & Silness) [greater than or equal to] 1, bleeding index
(Ainamo & Bay) > 30%, pocket probing depth [less than or equal to] 3 mm, clinical attachment loss = 0, with no evidence of radiographic bone loss.
These parameters were compared in chronic periodontitis patients and age and gender matched healthy controls to observe the significance of difference.Dental examinations were performed according to the WHO protocol by using flat dental mirrors and periodontal probes.All dental variables were assessed at six different sites around each tooth.To determine severity of disease we used the CPITN score average probing depth and gingival bleeding index
.Serum CRP was determined in duplicate by ELI-SA.
Result: There was significant reduction (pless than0.01) observed in periodontal pocket depth and Bleeding Index
incase of Doxycycline, Metronidazole combination in comparison to Amoxicillin, Metronidazole combination.
Gingival inflammation was assessed by Papillary bleeding index
Periodontal measurements, including pocket depths, clinical attachment levels, GI (Loe and Silness, 1963) and BOP (modified sulcus bleeding index
--scale 0 to 1) were taken at 6 sites before treatment and at 6 to 8 weeks and 3 month re-evaluation intervals.
NM M VPI NS 89.9 [+ or -] 08.9 95.7 [+ or -] 06.8 p = 0.175^ (%) * S 87.1 [+ or -] 14.6 92.3 [+ or -] 12.4 p = 0.017# GBI NS 82.5 [+ or -] 13.7 83.5 [+ or -] 20.3 p = 0.064^ (%) * S 74.7 [+ or -] 19.6 77.4 [+ or -] 19.2 p = 0.621# BOP NS 14.3 [+ or -] 10.5 17.7 [+ or -] 18.6 p = 0.109^ (%) * S 22.1 [+ or -] 16.4 21.5 [+ or -] 22.9 p = 0.688# NS 3.49 [+ or -] 0.50 4.54 [+ or -] 0.91 p = 0.356^ PPD (mm) S 3.78 [+ or -] 0.65 4.53 [+ or -] 0.75 p = 0.000# CAL NS 3.23 [+ or -] 0.94 4.39 [+ or -] 1.38 p = 0.007^ (mm) * S 4.05 [+ or -] 1.12 4.88 [+ or -] 1.23 p = 0.000 NS: never-smokers; S: smokers; NM: non-molar; M: molar; VPI: visible plaque index; GBI: gingival bleeding index
; BOP: bleeding on probing; PPD: periodontal probing depth; CAL: clinical attachment loss.
A comprehensive periodontal examination was done including parameters like Oral Hygiene Index Simplified (OHIS),Gingival Bleeding Index
(GBI)  and Clinical Attachment Loss (CAL) .
Peter and Ronnie suffered bleeding index
fingers as a result of their fast fish takes.