bile salt

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Related to bile salt: bile pigment
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  • noun

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a salt of bile acid and a base

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References in periodicals archive ?
Swarming of P mirabilis can also be inhibited on media like Deoxycholate citrate agar (DCA) and MacConkey agar which contains bile salts. In the present study imipenem, cefixime and amikacin used to prevent the swarming of P.
To eliminate the pH effect, the media without bile salt and phospholipid (Blank media) were also investigated and DMEM without serum was used as a control.
They are used as energy source, cell membrane recovery, hormones among other functions (Hide et al., 1992); however, the hydrolysis of lipids is highly complex by lipases due the interface water-lipid that implies the necessity for the enzyme to join to colipase and bile salt to break the ester bonds (Gjellesvik et al., 1992).
Taurine is linked to bile acids in the liver to form bile salts. During digestion, these compounds are secreted into the small intestine, where they function to aid in fat digestion.
Genetic variations of bile salt transporters as predisposing factors for drug-induced cholestasis, intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy and therapeutic response of viral hepatitis.
cerevisiae QAUSC03 showed significantly higher potential ability in antimicrobial, tolerance in acid until pH 2-2.5 and bile salt up to 1.5% (w/v).
Cholesterol lowering with bile salt hydrolase-active probiotic bacteria, mechanism of action, clinical evidence, and future direction for hearth health applications.
Rampone, "The effects of bile salt and raw bile on the intestinal absorption of micellar fatty acid in the rat in vitro," The Journal of Physiology, vol.
Bile cast nephropathy, also known as cholemic nephrosis, is a rare entity characterized by progressive renal impairment in patients with elevated serum bile salts and hyperbilirubinemia either by direct bile and bilirubin toxicity or tubular obstruction [15].
Meier, "Sinusoidal (basolateral) bile salt uptake systems of hepatocytes," Seminars in Liver Disease, vol.
Bilirubin is a product of heme degradation which is conjugated in the liver and is then finally secreted in the bile duct as bile salts. The transport of bile from hepatocytes to biliary canaliculi is via bile salt dependent and independent pathways [5].
Likewise, to test the bile salt tolerance, LAB isolates were inoculated in MRS broth with 0.15% and 0.30% of bile salt and incubated at 35[degrees]C for 24 h.
Out of 30 cases of ARF 27 cases (90%) showed proteinuria, 19 cases (63.33%) showed casts, red blood cells in 16 (53.33%) and bile salt and bile pigment was seen in 15 cases (50%).
The toxicity of the "second hit" and the role of bile salt in this relation is hypothesized.