are useful for removing sympathetically mediated symptoms such as palpitations, trembling, and sweating (4).
Psychiatric side effects from topical ocular timolol, a beta-adrenergic blocker
. J Clin Psycho-pharmacol 1987> 7:264-7.
Stewart WC, Sharpe ED, Day DG et al: Comparison of the efficacy and safety of latanoprost 0.005% compared to brimonidine 0.2% or dorzolamide 2% when added to a topical beta-adrenergic blocker
in patients with primary open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension.
The study protocol encouraged, but did not mandate, thiazide-type diuretics as a first-line agent, followed by loop diuretics and beta-adrenergic blockers
. Chlorthalidone was encouraged as the primary thiazide-type diuretic, and amlodipine as the preferred calcium channel blocker.
Medical treatment with alfa- and beta-adrenergic blockers
during pregnancy is similar to nonpregnant adults (pregnancy category C).
Hallucinations, mania, euphoria, sedation, and transient disorientation have been described in patients receiving centrally acting antihypertensive drugs, such as beta-adrenergic blockers
, in relation to their antiadrenergic and angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor mechanisms .
in heart failure: review of mechanisms of action and clinical outcomes.