behaviourism


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Related to behaviourism: Cognitivism
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Synonyms for behaviourism

an approach to psychology that emphasizes observable measurable behavior

References in periodicals archive ?
Perhaps, behaviourism itself was not necessarily the problem, but instead the radical approach adopted by theorists and researchers.
Despite some limitations of classical behaviourism as a comprehensive theory, one could argue that it is still valid in certain areas of Psychology.
Discussions on Radical Behaviourism, Cognitive Behaviourism and Systematic Eclecticism received due justice.
In Part 1 of The Undiscovered Wittgenstein the first three chapters reiterate the readings of Wittgenstein as an advocate of empiricism, neutral monism, phenomenalism and behaviourism, but they provide little amplification, with the exception of some extra support for these claims.
In the chapters on language-games Cook claims that Wittgenstein thought both real and invented language-games can be reduced to behaviourism. He develops this account by alleging that the basis of language-games is behaviourism.
Not surprisingly, military learning commences on the basis of behaviourism. Military personnel depend critically on their automatic responses to dangerous situations.
For the military, behaviourism best caters to its needs of behavioural objectives which are written descriptions of specific, terminal behaviours and are observable, measurable behaviours (van Ree 2002; Saettler 1990).
Preceded by an masterly overview of the divergent character of Psychological behaviourism, Mills in seven chapters presents an accounting, "at a very general level" (p.
An alternative approach to the subject matter of psychology is taken by behaviour analysis, a set of practices informed by radical behaviourism, itself 'a philosophy of science concerned with the subject matter and methods of psychology' (Skinner, 1969, p.
3 propose a theoretical approach based on radical behaviourism for analysing sales interaction outcomes.
In the early 20th century, behaviourism emerged through the work of John Watson, who is often credited for coining this term (Ormond, 1999).
The most commonly used or heard Schools of Psychology are Behaviourism, Cognitivism and Constructivism.
Disciplines "methodologically" unrelated (psychoanalysis and behaviourism, anthropology and psychology, psychiatry and sociology) were "held together by a common philosophical basis," forming "a sort of Corpus Non-Mysticum" which had "the unifying power of faith." This hybrid philosophy was "vulgarized" in short order, permeating society with its perverse vision of man.
Schnaitter (1987) asserts that with regard to behaviourist and cognitivist researchers, this is not the case: The object of behaviourism is to establish the relation between behaviour and the context of its occurrence, while the object of cognitivism is to establish the internal design through whose functioning organisms are capable of behaving in context.