It seems likely that all MOs, including those associated with emotion, alter the efficacy of a wide range of events as reinforcers and aversive
In addition, experiential avoidance may work in the short term (reduction/elimination of unwanted private event) but lead paradoxically to a subsequent increase in the events targeted for avoidance and produce chronic aversive
private events in the long term (e.
In this case, restraint will function as a punishment contingency only from its ability to comprise an aversive
stimulus presentation to the individual client.
Concern over the application (or misapplication) of unpleasant or noxious stimuli has led to the suggestion that punishment and aversive
procedures should be abandoned in favor of less aversive
alternatives (Donnellan, Negri-Shoultz, Fassbendes, & LaVigna, 1988; Evans & Meyer, 1985; Guess, 1988).
In other cultures, what we call torture is to them nothing more than "behavior modification' or the treatment of mental illness by aversive
Bear Program is known and used throughout the world.
We do not use aversive
, coercive methods of training, which have no place in behaviour work and often cause problems to get worse.
While Skinner argued that free will is tacted when the individual in question is free from aversive
control (Skinner 1971, pp.
The PhD presentation by Rony Paz suggested that aversive
experiences can change how humans, particularly those with anxiety disorders, perceive stimuli.
The firm seeks to compound capital on behalf of high net worth individuals and families, endowments and foundations, and institutional partners in a risk aversive
Such assessment is important to figure out the likely future moves of a co-player in a game, or his private information, as well as for the cognitive appraisal that may affect emotional reactions to positive or aversive
events in social and economic environments.
The final section addresses getting ready for the day of performance and strategies for enhancing effective focus, minimizing potential adverse effects of negative thinking or aversive
emotions, using empowered thinking, thriving emotionally, and shifting one's motivational orientation prior to and during competition, ending with a chapter on developing a plan and choosing what to do to prepare psychologically.
Accordingly, we detected compulsive-like feeding behavior in obese but not lean rats, measured as palatable food consumption that was resistant to disruption by an aversive
The consequence can be the introduction of an aversive
SANTIAGO, CHILE -- People with borderline personality disorder show altered neural activation in response to aversive