Learning to use the passato prossimo involves the following operations which are not always easy: (a) building the past participle of a given verb; (b) deciding which of the two auxiliary verbs
must be used; and (c) deciding which agreement rules to apply.
In Chapter 1 Anderson introduces a number of complex predicate constructions that resemble auxiliary verb
constructions, but there is comparatively little data to illustrate these types and their resemblance to auxiliary verb
When auxiliary verbs
are used, the neutral position for adverbs is after the first auxiliary verb
Various examples of auxiliary verb
groups have not only been recorded from the literature, but also from daily conversations.
we find one token of the collocation eyes fixed from O'Connor's "Revelation" even though there is an auxiliary verb
between the constituents of the collocation:
Language development and individual differences: a study of auxiliary verb
learning: Cambridge University Press.
+ present progressive "-ing" appears
In the Spanish of the southwest United States, hacer (do) is used as an auxiliary verb
with an English bare infinitive to form a bilingual periphrastic construction:
the way an auxiliary verb
slides back & forth in a balanced sentence--a field of summer flowers, she absorbs & spills delight without stint.
Oliver gives a list of these potentially archaic syntactic features in the conclusion of her study: (1) While in AEthelberht the mood of the verb in the subordinate clause (or protasis) is regularly indicative, in AElfred's code the mood is subjunctive; (2) The position of the verb in the main clause (or apodosis) is consistently final in AEthelberht, and always initial in the laws of AElfred; (3) A pronoun in a subordinate clause of AEthelberht tends not to be reiterated in the main clause, as it is in AElfredian legislation; (4) The auxiliary verb
of the passive is almost always weordan in AEthelberht, but beon in AElfred.
Posthumus (1988: 142) points out that the use of a copulative verb stem as deficient auxiliary verb
stem to mark the relative tenses is commonly found in the Bantu languages.
When the idea you've put on the table takes the form of a verb, you can refer back to it with an auxiliary verb
all by itself.
In the case of a two-verb sentence, the first is the main verb, and the second is an auxiliary verb
Operator refers to the auxiliary verb
, predicator means the main verb, and complement stands for object NP.
The auxiliary verb
used to express the passive voice in English is always some version of to be (is, are, was, were, has been, etc).