Zhang Q, Lei HM, Yang DW (2013) Seasonal variations in soil respiration, heterotrophic respiration and autotrophic
respiration of a wheat and maize rotation cropland in the North China Plain.
Their role is particularly crucial in performing two types of functions in which the fungal partner is complementary to the photosynthetic plant: mobilizing nutrients (carbon and other macro and micronutrients) by degrading soil organic matter and weathering minerals, and coupling the autotrophic
and heterotrophic cycles of C.
According to Hu and Ferreira (1998), embryos excised at a mature or nearly mature state are almost autotrophic
, and in general, these embryos eliminate the supplemental energy source.
However, studies quantifying the annual seasonal cycle of nutrients and carbon by autotrophic
and heterotrophic communities in production and respiration in freshwater aquatic environments are seriously lacking, but crucial to our understanding of the carbon cycle.
2] produced was the combination of heterotrophic microbial respiration as well as autotrophic
plant and algal respiration.
NEW YORK, June 26, 2012 /PRNewswire/ -- While beach-bound vacationers will be trying to avoid stepping on algae this summer, members of IEEE - the world's largest technical professional organization - have identified these simple autotrophic
organisms as the most promising source of sustainable energy to meet increasing global demands.
Their utilization may be feasible in semi-intensive production systems, where autotrophic
and heterotrophic food material may supply the deficient amino acids [29, 30].
They have to get it, either directly or indirectly, from autotrophic
Acidithiobacillus thiooxidans is a chemolithotrophic acidophilic, obligately autotrophic
bacterium which derives its energy by oxidizing reduced or partially reduced sulfur compounds and obtains its carbon by fixing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere .
2002), the Monotropoideae consists of an autotrophic
tribe, Pyroleae, and two mycoheterotrophic tribes, Pterosporeae and Monotropeae.
They include natural processes in delta restoration as applied to the Mississippi Delta, emerging topics in marine methane biogeochemistry, autotrophic
carbon fixation in the ocean, microbial nitrogen cycling processes in oxygen minimum zones, microbial extracellular enzymes and the marine carbon cycle, the DNA barcoding of marine metazoa, local adaptations in marine invertebrates, and using flow cytometry to measure biogeochemical rates and processes in the ocean.
Only the autotrophic
and mixotrophic fractions have received a little more attention in studies on phytoplankton.
In the world of biofuels, 2010 is officially the year of the autotrophic
organism as dozens of companies and academic laboratories race to transform algae into a source of viable green energy, according to "Algae Biofuels Production Technologies Worldwide" by leading industrial market research firm SBI Energy.
2] availability, temperature, and moisture and is carried out mainly by aerobic autotrophic
bacteria and at low pH by fungi.
I call attention to two books published more than 50 years ago: Biochemistry of Autotrophic
Bacteria by H.