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  • noun

Synonyms for autosome

any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome

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Moreover, there is no evidence that alternative forms of sex chromosomes for either species are functioning autosomally.
Both types of tumors are associated with conditions that are inherited in an autosomally dominant manner, such as: multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 (MEN2), [2] which is due to a mutation in the RET [3] (ret proto-oncogene) protooncogene; von Hippel-Lindau disease (VHL), which is due to a mutation in the VHL (von Hippel-Lindau tumor suppressor) gene; neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1), caused by mutation in the NF1 (neurofibromin 1) gene; and mutations in succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) subunits B, C, and D, which are encoded by the SDHB [succinate dehydrogenase complex, subunit B, iron sulfur (Ip)], SDHC (succinate dehydrogenase complex, subunit C, integral membrane protein, 15kDa), and SDHD (succinate dehydrogenase complex, subunit D, integral membrane protein) genes.
Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 (MEN2) syndromes are autosomally dominant clinical associations characterised by a number of tumours, including medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC), phaeochromocytoma, thyroid C-cell hyperplasia (CCH), parathyroid tumours (MEN2A) and ganglioneuroma of the gastrointestinal tract (MEN2B).
Familial CMs are transmitted in an autosomally dominant fashion with variable penetrance (40%-60%).
It is an autosomally dominant, genetically inherited condition (He et at.
MH is autosomally dominant inherited and over 200 mutations have been identified in the ryanodine receptor 1 (RYR1) gene, which is expressed in skeletal muscle (4,6).
Although many individuals may have a relative with breast cancer, only a minority (5-10%) have an autosomally dominant pattern of inheritance consistent with vertical transmission of a high-risk genetic predisposition from one generation to another.
Mixed hyperlipidaemias result from accumulation of remnants when apoE is defective (dysbetalipoproteinaemia--usually recessively inherited) or when increases in LDL and VLDL co-exist, such as may be the case in familial combined hyperlipidaemia (usually autosomally dominantly inherited but with variable penetrance of cholesterol or triglyceride elevation in the family).
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