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Synonyms for bone

to study or work hard, especially when pressed for time


Synonyms for bone

rigid connective tissue that makes up the skeleton of vertebrates

the porous calcified substance from which bones are made

a shade of white the color of bleached bones

study intensively, as before an exam

consisting of or made up of bone

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References in periodicals archive ?
Table 1: Characterization of the study sample, considering variables related to the population (n = 36; gender, age, type, and laterality of CLP) and the autogenous bone graft (n = 40; donor area, postoperative complications, and position of the permanent canine at the time surgery).
In an experimental study dog, it was observed that fresh autogenous bone grafts are incorporated rapidly and possess osteoinductive, osteoconductive and osteogenic properties (17).
These different autogenous bone grafts are "golden standard" for reconstruction procedures because they provide osteogenic cells, but they are of limited quantity and connected with risk of complications on donor site (Ellis III, 2003).
But autogenous bone graft has limitations of morbidity or inadequate quantity.
sup][2] Although autogenous bone grafts are the "gold standard" for spine fusion, [sup][3] significant progress has been made in discovering bone graft alternatives, including freeze-dried allograft, demineralized bone matrix (DBM), triosite ceramics, and bone marrow aspirate (BMA), which have been used as substitutes for iliac crest in AIS surgery.
After elevation of the sinus membrane on a random basis, on one side, Ostim (Heraeus Kulzer GmbH and 63450 Hanau, Germany) with 20% autogenous bone graft was used and on the other side Bio-Oss (Geistlich Pharma AG and 6110 Wolhusen, Switzerland) with 20% autogenous bone graft was applied.
The interior of the spacers can be packed with autogenous bone graft or allograft.
The iliac crest is a common donor site for autogenous bone graft as it offers the advantage of easy access and a relatively large and safe supply of bone.
The ReForm Pedicle Screw System is also intended for non-cervical pedicle screw fixation for the following indications: severe spondylolisthesis (grades 3 and 4 of the L5-S1 vertebra) in skeletally mature patients receiving fusion by autogenous bone graft having implants attached to the lumbar and sacral spine (L3 to sacrum) with removal of the implants after attainment of a solid fusion.
The most common complication associated with the harvest of autogenous bone graft is pain at the donor site with less frequent complications including nerve injury, haematoma, infection and fracture at the donor site.
The spacers are made of PEEK Optima (polyetheretherketone) radiolucent material and feature a large axial lumen to maximize the area for packing autogenous bone graft and enable fusion to occur through the spacer, according to the company.
The VAULT Stand Alone ALIF System is developed to be used with autogenous bone graft and is designed for intervertebral body fusion of the spine in patients suffering from degenerative disc disease (DDD) with up to Grade I spondylolisthesis.
KEY WORDS: Iliac crest, Autogenous bone graft, Myosits ossificans, Donor site, Chronic pain.
While allogenic bone grafts avoid donor site morbidity and provide an osteoconductive framework, they lack the osteoinductive properties associated with autogenous bone graft.