lakshmi, "Congenital absence of tail with atresia ani and hypospadias in a kid: a case report," Journal of Advanced Veterinary Research, vol.
Soko, "Management of atresia ani with concurrent hypospadias and penile aplasia in a 3-day-old calf," International Journal of Livestock Research, vol.
Treatment of atresia ani
by excision of circular piece of skin facilitates dissection of blind end of rectum and its fixation by stay sutures to skin opening before opening the rectum minimizes contamination of subcutaneous tissue.
occurs in all species and is commonly reported in ruminants (Abdul et al.
Although other associated congenital abnormalities have generally not been described in veterinary reports (Baird, 2008) but one calf along with atresia ani
has been noticed by us (Fazili et al.
The incidence of congenital malformations of digestive tract, the atresia ani
associated with body system mainly urogenital system has been reported more in calves, lambs and kids (Singh, 1989; Ansari et al.
is failure of development of the anal opening, a congenital abnormality manifested clinically by an absence of faeces, dullness and anorexia with abdominal distension, discomfort and straining at an attempt to defecate.