With the visual inspection and above mentioned clinical signs the cases was diagnosed as atresia ani. Ceftriaxone ([Intacef.sup.a]) antibiotic was given at the rate of 15 mg/kg b.wt.
To conclude, reconstructive surgery is the only treatment for correcting atresia ani and success of surgery also depends on severity of multiple deformities.
Complete diphallia, imperforate ani (type 2 atresia ani
), and an accessory scrotum in a 5-day-old calf.
Thirteen calves were presented with absence of anal opening and diagnosed affected with atresia ani. Out of these, seven were male and 6 are female calves.
In calves with atresia ani under local infiltration analgesia with 2% Lignocaine hydrochloride, a cruciate incision to skin at anal region was made and blind end of rectum was exposed by blunt dissection of perineal musculature.
Congenital diseases in the form of atresia ani (Fig.
Table -1: Incidence of surgical affections in Assam hill goat Surgical affections Numbers Incidence (%) Routine castration 1182 70.69 Abscess 126 7.53 Cysts 114 6.81 Fracture 88 5.26 Hoof elongation 34 2.03 Maggot wounds 36 2.15 Urine blockage 16 0.95 Cesarean section 14 0.83 Foreign body 10 0.59 GID 9 0.53 Ventral hernia 8 0.47 Corneal opacity 8 0.47 Mastitis 7 0.41 Urolitiasis 6 0.35 Urinary rupture 4 0.23 Atresia ani 5 0.29 Horn injury 4 0.23 Urethral diverticulum 1 0.05
But in the present case there was a congenital rectovaginal fistula with completely fused labia and atresia ani. As result of this there was a severe bulging at the perineum due to pooling of faeces and urine.
(1998) reported a case of atresia ani with recto-vestibular fistula and vulvar agenesis in a non-descript buffalo calf.
Treatment of atresia ani by excision of circular piece of skin facilitates dissection of blind end of rectum and its fixation by stay sutures to skin opening before opening the rectum minimizes contamination of subcutaneous tissue.
In case of congenital recto-vaginal fistula with Atresia ani, surgical correction was successful (Fig.
is associated with chromosomal abnormalitis.
Although other associated congenital abnormalities have generally not been described in veterinary reports (Baird, 2008) but one calf along with atresia ani
has been noticed by us (Fazili et al., 2014a).
The incidence of congenital malformations of digestive tract, the atresia ani
associated with body system mainly urogenital system has been reported more in calves, lambs and kids (Singh, 1989; Ansari et al., 2005, Ansari et al., 2008).
is failure of development of the anal opening, a congenital abnormality manifested clinically by an absence of faeces, dullness and anorexia with abdominal distension, discomfort and straining at an attempt to defecate.