As Pierre Gros observes of Vitruvius's enthusiasm for Epicureanism and atomism
, Vitruvius makes no pretense of philosophical orthodoxy.
The link between atomism
and discrete motion goes back at least to Aristotle and is admitted by some atomists, but the full significance of that admission has been neglected.
Historically, Galileos statement of atomism
created a conflict with the Church's teaching on transubstantiation.
Stenger claims that the church's resistance to atomism
was due to a rejection of reductionism and materialism, philosophies which logically follow from the atomistic models.
Bostock, in the preface, identifies the core elements of logical atomism
as realism, logical analysis, and atomism
His poem examines subjects like beauty, the creation of the universe, the anthropocentric necessity of creating and obeying gods, and the scientific notions of what is today referred to as atomism
GOD AND THE ATOM; FROM DEMOCRITUS TO THE HIGGS BOSON: THE STORY OF A TRIUMPHANT IDEA provides a fine history of atomism
and comes from a physicist who details how the scientific hypotheses evolved.
In the Physics of the Healing Avicenna further engages in argument with the mutakallimun, Islamic theologians, in particularly with regard to atomism
The physics of atomism
, Brown argues, was a second fascinating theme for the Florentine humanists, above all because its corollary--that the universe is governed by chance or fortune--struck a chord with a city-state in which the vicissitudes of politics and mercantile commerce drove the reality of this fortuity home at every turn.
In respect to his remark that "contemporary natural sciences would seem to have more in common formally with Asharite atomism
than Thomistic Aristotelianism," I would contend that modern science could not have arisen without Thomas's realist metaphysics; and that science was stillborn in Islam when Asharite atomism
--which held that natural laws do not and cannot exist prevailed.
Their outlooks were seen as diametrical opposites: Democritus, the founder of Atomism
, cynically mocked humanity's predicament; Heraclitus, however, philosopher of 'ta panta rhei' (flux), wept over our suffering.
These splendid lines may not allow the truth of atomism
to go down easy, but this version nevertheless served as a jumping-off point for a series of engagements with the philosophy of materialism for the next couple hundred years.
This new art trend is often correlated with Wittgenstein's early Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus (1921), in which he attempted to delimit the relationship between language and reality by establishing "the conditions for a logically perfect language," a form of logical atomism
or positivism which the philosopher later renounced.
For kalam atomism
as a constructive response to falsafah, see A.
This upending of history has many causes: the social vertigo of rapid technological change, a loss of nerve on the part of older ruling strata, the recasting of atomism
away from the vinegar of hard-headed realism and towards the honey of indulgence and liberation.