The paracrine or vasocrine secretion of epicardial inflammatory adipokines, such as tumor necrosis factor alpha, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1, interleukin-6, interleukin -1b, monocyte chemo-attractant protein-1, and resistin contribute to the metabolic and inflammatory milieu that promotes atherogenesis (43).
Both Th1 T cells and macrophages are known long-term reservoirs for HIV  and thus it is likely that Th1 T cell and macrophage cross-talk within the coronary circulation, in the presence of a dysfunctional endothelium, can contribute to atherogenesis (Figure 1).
They found that individuals with periodontal disease whose biomarkers showed increased bacterial exposure were more likely to develop coronary heart disease or atherogenesis (plaque formation in the arteries).
20) Recently released follow-up data from the APPROVe trial further establishes that Cox-2 inhibition contributes to atherosclerotic progression and atherogenesis, and that the hazard continues even after the drug is discontinued.
Screening for an enlarged waist in combination with elevated triglycerides appears to be a simple, effective tool to flag postmenopausal women at increased risk for accelerated atherogenesis and related adverse outcomes, reported Laszlo B.