atelectasis


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Related to atelectasis: basal atelectasis
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  • noun

Words related to atelectasis

collapse of an expanded lung (especially in infants)

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Together, impaired cough, retained secretions, decreased lung volumes and diminished pulmonary functions lead to the development of atelectasis, mucus hypersecretion, and pneumonia.
Pneumonia and atelectasis are the leading causes of death for all age groups during the first year following SCI.[1,11,16,32,73] Of individuals with complete cervical lesions, 80-90% experience pulmonary complications such as pneumonia, atelectasis and respiratory insufficiency compared with 15-27% of individuals with incomplete lesions.[1,73] Mortality rates for individuals with complete cervical lesions are around 60%;[1] for those over the age of 65 years mortality increases to near 100%.[11,73] The major causes of death across all studies are respiratory failure (50%) and pulmonary emboli (30%).
An impaired ability to cough can frequently lead to atelectasis, a collapse of the honey-comb-like air sacs that often cause secretions to become trapped in the lungs.
When atelectasis occurs with HMD, the lung density becomes water/tissue density and air is seen outlining the peripheral bronchi over the more opaque lung.
The patients were monitored post-operatively for pulmonary (respiratory failure needing ventilatory support, atelectasis, pneumonia, pulmonary embolism, pleural effusion/hemothorax, etc.), cardiac (arrhythmias, myocardial infarction, and congestive cardiac failure), and surgical complications (wound infections, anastomotic leak, and fistula formation).
The mortality among other complications were 40.9% for Ventilator Associated Pneumonia, 40.9% for pneumothorax, 60% for atelectasis and 33.3% for post extubation stridor.
Initial chest radiograph showed the luftsichel sign (i.e., complete atelectasis of the left upper lobe) and trace left pleural effusion (Figure 1).
Secondly, the rates of PPC like suspected pneumonia (patient receives antibiotics and meets at least one of the following criteria: new or changed sputum, new or changed lung opacities on chest X-ray when clinically indicated, tympanic temperature >38.3[degrees]C, and white blood cell (WBC) count >12 * [10.sup.9]/L in the absence of other infectious focus) and atelectasis (opacification of the lung with shift of the mediastinum, hemidiaphragm toward the affected area, and compensatory overinflation in the adjacent nonatelectatic lung) [5] were also documented.
Frequent bronchoscopy during ECMO is required for bronchial toilet and to remove sputum that can cause atelectasis.
While waiting for the diagnostic bronchoscopy, he required tracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation due to atelectasis and obstructive pneumonia (Figures 2(a) and 2(b)).
Likewise, total atelectasis or pneumonitis involving the whole lung is also downstaged from T3 to T2, same as partial atelectasis or pneumonitis, based on similar prognosis.
The main benefit of adequate PEEP in lung donors would be the prevention of formation of atelectasis, a quite frequent complication during lung retrieval and perfusion.
In radiological imaging, non-specific signs, such as nodular lesions, consolidations, and atelectasis can be observed (2, 3).
PPCs were collectedprospectively following preagreeddefinitions and included clinical diagnoses (pneumonia, bronchospasm, and/or ARD9), radiological diagnoses (presence of any degree or location of atelectasis, pneumothorax, and/or pleural effusion)10.
* Atelectasis: The opacity causing a shift of mediastinum, hilus, and hemidiaphragm to the affected area and an increase in compensatory inflation in the nonatelectatic lung.