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  • noun

Words related to atelectasis

collapse of an expanded lung (especially in infants)

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This can lead to repeated closure of small airways and occurrence of atelectases. The majority of otherwise healthy patients are capable to successfully compensate for these changes, but obese patients and those with chronic respiratory diseases are susceptible to development of numerous complications such as intraoperative hypoxia, barotrauma and volutrauma during laparoscopic procedures (1).
Benign diagnoses include granulomas, hamartomas, organizing pneumonia, abscess or fungal infections, tuberculosis, chondromas, Wegener granulomatoses, arteriovenous malformations, sarcoidoses, hematomas, rounded atelectases, and bronchopulmonary sequestration.
Timely surgery limits the period of recumbence and helps to prevent pressure sores, urinary tract infections, deep vein thromboses and pulmonary complications including atelectases, pneumonia and pulmonary emboli.