SLTCDM considers four factors that influence individuals' career decision making: (a) genetic endowment and special abilities, (b) environmental conditions and events, (c) instrumental and associative learning
experiences, and (d) task approach skills (Krumboltz, 1979).
In terms of our hypothesis development, the match-up hypothesis and associative learning
theory both suggest that reactions to a target are likely to depend on the context in which the target is situated; for example, reactions to an athlete as an endorser are likely to be more positive when the product is sport related relative to when it is not (Charbonneau & Garland, 2006; Till, 2001).
Subsequent research was able to disentangle metacognitive monitoring from associative learning
by deferring feedback (Smith, Beran, Redford, & Washburn, 2006).
When the influences on students' decisions to major in Health Promotion were categorized (see Table 2) into the Krumboltz typology of environmental conditions, instrumental learning experiences, and associative learning
experiences, significant differences emerged.
This was most evident on the paired associative learning
test, in which rosiglitazone patients made 31% fewer errors and the glyburide group made 25% fewer errors.
Relevant to career and college options, topics for discussion in the interviews included instrumental and associative learning
experiences concerning their interests, abilities, and beliefs, ideal aspirations and realistic expectations, possi ble resources and barriers, and areas of interest for future learning.
Generalizing from examples, recognizing familiar faces in a crowd and driving a car are a few of the many tasks that characterize the effortless nature of associative learning
Yet, the smell of our coffee may remind us that pleasant weekend breakfast through associative learning
Previously it has been thought that, when using this type of procedure, humans respond differently from animals because we rely on conscious reasoning, rather than associative learning
to generate our expectations.
If a credit card effect relies on associative learning
, then it is possible that the negative connotations that credit cards have in New Zealand will lead to a "negative" credit card effect.
Additionally, he noted, the specific memory task of verbal paired associative learning
may be a helpful clue in diagnosing childhood epilepsy, especially in children with right-hemisphere lesions.
elegans), to dissect the molecular, cellular, and behavioral aspects of a simple form of associative learning
ability), to determine whether these differences are linked to life history variation, and if so, to ask if this necessarily leads to selection for higher cognitive performance, or instead whether cognitive ability also comes with costs.
Although Thorndike recognized that there were important performance differences between species, he believed that these differences were caused by quantitative differences in associative learning
For the study of the cellular determinants of synaptic plasticity we will focus on an associative learning
paradigm underlying cued fear conditioning.