It is also worth comparing these with earlier and contemporary Utopian socialist experiments such as the Owenite colonies, the Associationist
phalanxes, and the Mormon commune at Kirtland, Ohio.
Two dimensions of Marxist thought also inhabited by the associationists and the radical transcendentalists are the wish for full human development, of which the desire to abolish alienated work (an idea held, among others, by the Brook Farmers) is an important aspect, and the desire for an abundance that will allow society to treat all persons according to their individual abilities and needs.
The concern with competition was a prominent theme of the emerging labor movement in the United States, as its advocates reacted to the growing commodification of labor (Wilentz), and it was one of the main concerns of American associationists, who saw in Fourier's systems a way to replace competition with harmony (Guameri).
Craig makes a compelling case for the pertinence of Hume's empiricism, and the associationist model of imagination, to British romanticism, diminishing, as he does so, the influence of the Kantian-Coleridgean view.
For Fiona Price, Common Sense is at the basis of Elizabeth Hamilton's associationist theory of education, which, governed by a conservative aesthetics, nonetheless manifests a democratizing impulse in its casting of the poor not as subjects but agents, exercising, rather than simply furnishing the material for, aesthetic representation and judgment.
Where Noyes and the Associationists agreed, they were often on to something important.
But it also raises an important question: what exactly was it that the Associationists lost faith in?
This deficit view of learning, even as embodied in academic standards that are performance-based, usually embraces an associationist psychology that favors a pedagogy in which knowledge exists apart from the learner and not, as modern cognitive science would have it, in relation to the learner's current mental schemata, motivations, and life experiences.
3 Such pedagogy emerges from what Lauren Resnick and Meghan Hall refer to as the associationist instructional theory that Thorndike and other psychologists promoted early in the 20th century on the basis of laboratory research that mainly involved animal learning.
ASR The pro unionists met with the skateboard manufacturers associationists
and the television conglomeratists.
It is thus little surprise that the British Associationists
of the eighteenth century, who were influenced primarily by Newton, were more interested in a "mental chemistry" or "mental geography" describing the inter-relations of mental states than in a reduction of the mind to the brain.
His 1814 German work on psychology--Grundriss der empirischen Psychologie (Outline of Empirical Psychology) adhered to Kantian moralism, hut cited materialists such as Helvetius, associationists
like Priestley, "sensists" like Dugald Stewart and sceptics like Hume.
Well, for a start there are no togaed Greeks or Romans, and hardly any be-wigged Associationists
and other philosophical joke figures.
This, as Loman is quick to point out, is surprising, given the fact that Hawthorne had invested money and time in Brook Farm before its conversion to Associationism in 1844, had read Fourier in the original--probably well before 1845 (17-19)--and was quite familiar with New England Associationists
in the 1840s and 1850s.
co-opted Charles Fourier's socialist theory, constructing theologies that syncretized it with their doctrines: "When Associationists
contended that their ideology was a logical outgrowth of contemporary religious beliefs, they were not only accommodating Fourierism to the American Christian scene, but they also were giving new and distinctly socialist meanings to common religious concepts and rhetoric" (41).