Potkay writes, "during the course of the [eighteenth] century the analysis of the passions transcended its practical origins in classical rhetoric, exfoliating into the psychology of the ruling passion (Pope), the associationist
analysis of complex passions (Hume, Hartley), the theodicy of the passions (Pope, Akenside), the passional foundation of morality (Shaftesbury, Hutcheson, Hume, Smith), poetic invocations of personified passions (the Wartons, Gray, Collins), and narrative enactment of passional agency (Richardson, Fielding).
In the author's opinion, associationist
theory steers clear of these two extremist views and their dangers.
Craig makes a compelling case for the pertinence of Hume's empiricism, and the associationist
model of imagination, to British romanticism, diminishing, as he does so, the influence of the Kantian-Coleridgean view.
He chose these men rather than the more famous Darwin, Huxley, and Mill because they were considered in their time to be the most influential and advanced theorists: "Bain transformed the associationist
paradigm in the discourses of the philosophy of mind; Spencer and Lewes contributed most significantly to the development of psychology within the framework of evolutionary biology and the study of society" (150).
Once the mind is conceived in this manner, the associationist
approaches consciousness in the same way that the physicist approaches matter.
6 illustrates the distinctively Humean combination of antirationalism, quasi-Pyrrhonism, and naturalism: offering an associationist
explanation of an individual's false but ineliminable belief in his own diachronic (mental) identity, he rejects the rationalist fiction of an underlying unchanging self.
studies from 1920 to 1970 showed us that a stimulus may trigger an association with several pieces of information before the response is given.
He examines how associationist
aesthetic theories provided a basis for a new romantic ideal of the college in the nineteenth century.
Mapping mid-nineteenth-century poetry onto the disciplinary formation of British psychology, ecumenically grounded in associationist
and physiological theories of mind, Tate shows how a number of largely canonical "poets in the mid-nineteenth century search for languages and forms that will allow them both to express mental processes and to analyse the mind, to break it down and study it as a combination of physical, psychological, and spiritual impulses" (p.
The same principles of associationist
psychology were mobilized in both neurological and aesthetic speculations.
30) One of the underlying leaders of this movement not often given appropriate credit (or blame) was Perry Miller, whose influential anthologies of and writing about the Transcendentalists valorized the individualists Emerson and Thoreau over the associationist
and socialist leanings of other Transcendentalists, especially those associated with utopian communities such as Brook Farm.
Part III defends connectionist and associationist
theories of memory against critics like Fodor, contrasting Fodor's objections with those made by Reid and Coleridge against David Hartley in the eighteenth century.
In "Tennyson, Browning, and the Poetry of Reflection," Tate considers the "self-analytical focus" of Pauline in the context of associationist
psychology, particularly as articulated by Arthur Hallam and W.
The old and unsettled question whether Wordsworth was an associationist
is the basis for Jackson's analysis of the lines on the infant babe and the immediate context of this passage in Book 2 of The Prelude.
He particularly attacked Archibald Alison's associationist
theories and denied that they had anything to do with art.