of syllable-final taps, specially phrase-finally
Although the section on consonants is short its author refers to Chapter two on several occasions, when discussing assibilation (176-178), devoicing/voicing of consonants (180), and various assimilations (194-195).
Thus Hogg refers to Luick when discussing palatalisation (260-261,263,275), assibilation (272), assibilation of [sc] (271), fricative voicing (283-284), development of velars (289), gemination (294), consonant loss (297), epenthesis (298), assimilation (300-301), and consonant shifts (306).
3) The consonantal processes whose account in Historische Grammatik provoked most controversies among historical linguists proved to be palatalisation, assibilation and changes of the feature "voice".
We propose two properties for assibilation tules that we claim are universal, namely (i) assibilations cannot be triggered by /i/ unless they are also triggered by /j/, and (ii) voiced stops cannot undergo assibilations unless voiceless ones do.
By contrast, there are several logically possible assibilation types that will be shown not to be attested.
In this section we define what we mean by stop assibilation and then present several universal properties for such processes (discussed by Clements 1999 and Kim 2001).
We classify the three assibilation processes in (1) according to their output; thus, we call rules like the ones in (1a)-(1c) 'spirantizations', 'affrications' and 'posteriorizations' respectively.
For example, in Korean (see [lb]) assibilation is lexical because it is restricted to applying within a derived environment and does not affect tautomorphemic /ti/, /[t.
Kim (2001) and Clements (1999) offer a phonetic explanation for the properties of stop assibilation in (2a)-(2c).
These researchers propose that assibilation results from internal structural causes in which the trill undergoes pressure from the other fricative phonemes, resulting in an assibilated (fricated) rhotic.
First, the article summarizes previous reports on assibilation in various Spanish dialects, followed by a report on previous studies on the assibilated rhotics found in the Costa Rican dialect from the Central Valley.
Bradley emphasizes that assibilation in this context applies to casual speech only, although assibilation does not always occur; (5) this is also the claim by Arguello (1978).
Assibilation of Spanish rhotics in Costa Rican Spanish was first reported in Chavarria Aguilar (1951).
Similarly, Sanchez Corrales (1986) points out that the assibilation of the trill in Costa Rican Spanish is a recent phenomenon.