Lewis could also have extended his argument to include the importance of colonialism in driving the artificial language movement.
Lewis ends his book by following the enthusiasm for the artificial language movement into the Royal Society and through the creation and publication of the last major work on the topic, John Wilkins An Essay Toward a Real Character and a Philosophical Language (1668).
of these two savages who have no common artificial language
, can converse
There is much to commend as she traces language decay in Tolkien's 1937 linguistic account of his artificial languages
, The Lhammas.
And such languages might be clearly unrelated genetically to existing languages, even if the most successful cases of artificial languages
have been quite close lexically and typologically to the languages spoken by their creators.
More visual, but equally a one-shot joke, is Tony Kemplen's Polyglot, in which a classroom of animated parrots flap their wings as they repeat the names of artificial languages
like Volapuk, Ido and Esperanto, created in a singularly unsuccessful attempt to simplify international communication.
To create the artificial languages
in her studies, Gomez mimics structure in natural language that may be useful in language learning.
Rosenfelder sets out a template for anyone who wants to create artificial languages
for a fantasy or alien world, as a hobby, or as an interlanguage.
In Chapter 1, "Dalgarno, Wilkins, and Leibniz," Blank analyzes Leibniz's early views on the nature of metaphysical concepts from the perspective of Leibniz's responses to the artificial languages
developed by George Dalgarno and John Wilkins; he claims that those artificial languages
, including Leibniz's, are best understood as attempts to express structures of thought and reality and not simply as formal representations of basic definitions and axioms.
While there have been other artificial languages
, and other languages crafted for fictional beings, Klingon is one of the rare times when a trained linguist has been called upon to create a language for aliens.
Hear a horde of electronic teddy-parrots babbling in artificial languages
, enter a room of perfectly sculptured minimalistic full stops or laugh at the jokes and misunderstandings of a global game of Chinese Whispers.
Much the same may be said of the fifth chapter, which rehearses the history of invented and artificial languages
before and after Tolkien's own.
Until now, he explains, all computational linguists have used artificial languages
for their algorithmic notation, and so have excluded those readers who are unfamiliar with formal languages and computers and how they operate.
Topics explored include what we mean by language, how one learns language, why students ought to study a second language, power and language rights in education, how societies decide which languages are to be taught in the public schools, artificial languages
and the phenomenon of Esperanto, and language endangerment and language death.
of Maryland) offers a concise text on the philosophical study of natural and formal or artificial languages
, exploring word and sentence meaning, and how language is used.