The following key words were used for both the electronic and manual search: orthodontic fixed appliances, orthodontic tooth movement, incomplete root formation, apical root
closure, root maturation, root resorption (table 3).
Harris EF, Kineret SE, Tolley EA: A heritable component for external apical root
resorption in patients treated orthodontically.
None of the cases presented in this article showed the marginal bone or apical root
resorption as we employed a Periotome which was specially designed for atraumatic extraction or luxation and the root never left the socket during surgical procedure thus avoided/minimized risk of dehydration of PDL.
These differences are most likely attributable to the design of the instruments, as D1, D2 and D3 are made of Ni-Ti and have three progressive tapers and lengths that fit the portions of the cervical, middle and apical root
Genetic predisposition to external apical root
Prevalence and severity of apical root
resorption of maxillary anterior teeth in adult orthodontic patients.
External Apical Root
Resorption Following Orthodontic Treatment.
Bilateral extensive idiopathic apical root
resorption in supraerupted maxillary molars: a case report.
fragments almost always contain viable pulp tissue and invariably sclerose.
To standardize the surfaces analyzed, we chose the ESEM images of the apical root
third at a distance of 4 mm from the edge of the cone, in mesial and distal interfaces between the dentin wall and filling material (magnification, 1500x).
0% Chlorhexidine digluconate on the microhardness of apical root
dentine in a clinically relevant time.
Teeth whose apical root
canal walls appeared as divergent or parallel were categorised as having immature apices whilst those with convergent walls were categorised as mature.
Leakage along apical root
fillings in curved root canals Part I: Effects of apical transportation on seal of root.
Apicoectomy or apical root
resection with retro-grade filling is a standard surgical treatment to salvage the periapically infected teeth in which root canal therapy has failed to resolve the problem.
If the extra-alveolar period is less than 20 minutes with wet storage then the chances of periodontal healing are significantly higher and when apical root
formation is incomplete pulpal revascularization is possible.