Among a wide range of signs and symptoms, the most prevalent items were analyzed: enthesitis, arthritis, uveitis, and oral aphthae
. Correlation of the mentioned genotypes with clinical indices is also included in table 2.
Stanley divides the oral aphthae
into minor, major, and herpetiform (1).
As a rule, aphthae
must recur at least three times a year (16).
The oral lesions are ulcers of the oral mucosae indistinguishable from the conventional aphthae
of the oral mucosa.
Carneiro, "Clinical evaluation of fluid extract of Chamomilla recutita for oral aphthae
.," Journal of drugs in dermatology : JDD, vol.
We analyzed the subgroups of patients as oral aphthae
, genital ulcerations, eyes, joints, veins, skin, and neurologically affected subgroups separately.
can be under recognized in this setting.
In this case report, we present a 10-year-old male who had complaints of fever, extensive oral aphthae
, perioral dried sores, rash, blurred vision and peripheral facial paralysis, and was diagnosed with Lyme disease.
Behcet disease (BD) is an inflammatory disorder that is characterized by recurrent oral aphthae
, genital ulcerations, and uveitis.
Although oral aphthae
and genital ulcers are the earliest and the most frequent manifestations of BD, anticipating by many years other typical BD clinical symptoms, GIBD is one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality, often leading to severe complications.
Topical agents, such as corticosteroids and other anti-inflammatory agents, including benzydamine, amlexanox, aphthae
, and triclosan, are usually provided for patients with mild symptoms in forms of mouth rinse, adhesive paste, or anesthetic gel.
Bottomley, "Combination immunosuppressant and topical steroid therapy for treatment of recurrent major aphthae
. A case report," Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, vol.
The five studies included in the oral diseases group consisted of three studies on recurrent oral aphthae
(ROA) [20, 21, 23], one study on candidal stomatitis , and one on mucositis .
BD is a chronic, relapsing, multisystemic inflammatory disorder, and its classical clinical characters include oral aphthae
, genital ulcers, and recurrent iridocyclitis with hypopyon, which is probably due to an autoimmune response .
In Ayurvedic medicine the pomegranate is considered "a pharmacy unto itself" and is considered able to improve the arterial tone and to treat aphthae
, diarrhea, and ulcers also with antimicrobial effects (Naqvi et al.