Most common is ventricular septal defect (30-60%), followed distantly by bicuspid aortic valve, pulmonary stenosis, aortic insufficiency
, atrial septal defect, coarctation of the aorta and subvalvular aneurysms.
Whereas generalized aortic insufficiency
involves dilation anywhere in (or throughout) the aorta, aortic aneurysms involve only focal aortic dilations and entail abnormal expansion of all 3 layers of the vessel wall) In contrast, pseudoaneurysms are focal enlargements of only the media layer.
Systolic dysfunction of the left ventricle was complicated further by severe mitral regurgitation with reversal of blood flow in the pulmonary veins in 10 cases, moderate mitral regurgitation in 32, severe aortic insufficiency
in 1, moderate aortic insufficiency
in 7, mild aortic stenosis in 2, moderate mitral stenosis in 1, mild mitral stenosis in 1, atrial flutter in 8, atrial fibrillation with a rapid ventricular response in 7, and ventricular tachycardia in 1.
This examination also revealed wide-open aortic insufficiency
with a high wedge pressure of 40 mmHg, suggesting pulmonary hypertension.
Aortic regurgitation, also known as aortic insufficiency
, and aortic stenosis are both potentially life-threatening conditions related to the aortic valve that directs blood out of the heart to the rest of the body.
The disease can also be classified into stages according to the presence of major complications such as hypertension, retinopathy, aneurysms, and aortic insufficiency
The JenaValve transapical (inserted through an incision in the chest between the ribs) system currently is sold in Europe and other markets around the world for aortic stenosis and aortic insufficiency
Elektrocardiography findings revealed low QRS voltage and chest x-ray was compatible with cardiomegaly Transthoracic echocardiography showed severe pericardial effusion which caused to tamponade preventing atrial loading, severe mitral insufficiency and mild aortic insufficiency
Possible complications of infectious aortitis include rupture, bleeding, thrombosis, septic embolization, and aortic insufficiency
Patients were evaluated in terms of transvalvular gradients before and after procedure, development of new aortic insufficiency
or increase in the current insufficiency and factors affecting the procedural success and development of aortic insufficiency
Signs of aortic insufficiency
include a decrescendo diastolic murmur, widened pulse pressure, and the new onset of pulmonary edema.
Patients with simple forms of ACHD were slightly more likely than those with complex diagnoses to be admitted for surgery, mainly to address bicuspid aortic valves and aortic insufficiency
, he continued.
And valve problems, such as aortic stenosis, aortic insufficiency
, and mitral regurgitation can also contribute to LVH, as can chronic kidney disease.