The most serious difficulty with this etymology would prima facie seem to involve the input form: the aorist
In the aorist
(Samoyedic) or present tense (Dolgan) the verbal endings attach directly to predicative nouns and adjectives.
Though the aorist
may be a translation of the present perfect
Moreover, it cannot account for adjectival periphrasis with the perfect and aorist
participle ([section] 2.
The terminal viewpoint account of the l-participle fits in with its structural characteristics in Croatian, other Croatian verbal forms (the Aorist
and the n-participle), structural cross-Slavic evidence, semantic cross-Slavic evidence (the use of the l-participle as renarrative in Macedonian and imperceptive in Bulgarian) and diachronic evidence, all of which we will briefly touch upon in the discussion.
The particles /lan/, /lamma/, and /lam/ precede the aorist
My alternative explanation is that da-a2 = dahan represents the ancestor of Classical dosan "they gave" (unaugmented aorist
, as is regular in Linear B and also frequent in Homer).
Studies of the grammatical patterns of NT narratives show that typically the author uses the aorist
(usually indicative, sometimes circumstantial participle) to convey the main line of his narrative sequence (the storyline); this kind of study goes by the name discourse analysis or textlinguistics.
This is not the first time the aorist
was used in this fragment.
Although form sharing between the second and third person singular of the aorist
is also found in Kohistani Shina (Schmidt 2002: 39), a loss of contrast, probably as the result of sound changes in a more distant past, in Klk (and Kohistani Shina), is more likely than a split into second and third person in Pal.
the Greek aorist
(= indefinite), which did not specify whether a past was complete or continuous.
60) Ancient Greek had two simple past tenses (plus perfect tenses), imperfect and aorist
, corresponding to the modern Spanish imperfect and preterite, or the French imperfait and passe simple.
He used this to also demonstrate that the Aorist
form of Chinese and African languages has five different tonal patterns, each used regularly under certain conditions (Robeson 1958/1971/1988).
The fundamental tense is the aorist
, which is the tense of the event outside the person of a narrator" (208).
Sowc't' is a splendid aorist
of some cant verb; Aubrey's age, via Grose's Dictionary, established the modern British demotic sense ('tart') of baggage; his bouncing Mayd Jillian prognosticates the lascivious Ann Jillian in the TV sitcom It's A Living.