antigen

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  • noun

Words related to antigen

any substance (as a toxin or enzyme) that stimulates an immune response in the body (especially the production of antibodies)

References in periodicals archive ?
Sadelain, "Combinatorial antigen recognition with balanced signaling promotes selective tumor eradication by engineered T cells," Nature Biotechnology, vol.
Therefore, successful anti-tick immunization with tick cement cone antigen not only requires antigen recognition but also depends on the use of proper adjuvant with proper amounts.
Immune algorithm is the learning algorithm based on the immune system [4], and there are four basic elements, antigen recognition, antibody formation, immune selection and immune memory respectively.
These discrepancies in antigen recognition could be due to individual differences among host immune systems or the reduced antigenic capacity of these proteins.
The final chapter considers how new insights into the mechanisms of self tolerance, the biological role of the major histocompatibility complex, and the nature of antigen recognition by T cells have led to a deeper understanding of autoimmunity.
The high expression of MR on DCs and macrophages suggests that the MR plays a key role in antigen recognition [6, 7].
The increase in IgE titres was accompanied by an increase in the number of parasite antigens recognised, suggesting that treatment results in the enhancement of antigen recognition as already reported for older children and adults [25].
The clonal selection algorithm is based on the cloning of immune cells in type B antigen recognition. The structures that will be used as a set of data structures for the algorithm have been applied in the clonal selection structure.
Fever following vaccination, in the absence of other signs of serious illness, is an expected physiologic response augmenting the immune responses involved in initial antigen recognition and enhancing subsequent specific immune responses.
This activation, upon antigen recognition, involves signals that promote effector functions and negative signals that contribute to the regulation of cellular immune responses.
The production of IFN-[gamma] by spleen mononuclear cells in these studies is indicative of antigen recognition early in the course of infection.
Trichuris muris: Antigen recognition and transfer of immunity in mice by IgA monoclonal antibodies, Parasite Immunol., 13: 1-12.
First and foremost, the strong association of RA with specific genes of the major histocompatibility complex implies an antigen recognition event involving T cells.
Analysis of antigen recognition by individual sera revealed that the pattern of antigens reacting with serum antibodies varied greatly from patient to patient.